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Wet-dry cycling extends seed persistence by re-instating antioxidant capacity

Long, R.L. and Kranner, I. and Panetta, F.D. and Birtic, S. and Adkins, S.W. and Steadman, K.J. (2011) Wet-dry cycling extends seed persistence by re-instating antioxidant capacity. Plant and Soil, 338 (1-2). pp. 511-519.

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Article Link(s): http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11104-010-0564-2

Publisher URL: http://www.springerlink.com

Abstract

Seeds in the field experience wet-dry cycling that is akin to the well-studied commercial process of seed priming in which seeds are hydrated and then re-dried to standardise their germination characteristics. To investigate whether the persistence (defined as in situ longevity) and antioxidant capacity of seeds are influenced by wet-dry cycling, seeds of the global agronomic weed Avena sterilis ssp. ludoviciana were subjected to (1) controlled ageing at 60% relative humidity and 53.5°C for 31 days, (2) controlled ageing then priming, or (3) ageing in the field in three soils for 21 months. Changes in seed viability (total germination), mean germination time, seedling vigour (mean seedling length), and the concentrations of the glutathione (GSH) / glutathione disulphide (GSSG) redox couple were recorded over time. As controlled-aged seeds lost viability, GSH levels declined and the relative proportion of GSSG contributing to total glutathione increased, indicative of a failing antioxidant capacity. Subjecting seeds that were aged under controlled conditions to a wet-dry cycle (to −1 MPa) prevented viability loss and increased GSH levels. Field-aged seeds that underwent numerous wet-dry cycles due to natural rainfall maintained high viability and high GSH levels. Thus wet-dry cycles in the field may enhance seed longevity and persistence coincident with re-synthesis of protective compounds such as GSH.

Item Type:Article
Corporate Creators:DEEDI, Biosecurity Queensland
Additional Information:© Springer Science+Business Media B.V.
Keywords:Ageing; Avena sterilis ssp. ludoviciana; glutathione; priming; wet-dry cycling; wild oat.
Subjects:Science > Invasive Species > Plants > Weed ecology
Science > Botany > Plant ecology
Deposited On:03 Feb 2011 07:23
Last Modified:03 Feb 2011 07:23

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