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Mechanically Ventilated Broiler Sheds: a Possible Source of Aerosolized Salmonella, Campylobacter, and Escherichia coli.

Chinivasagam, H.N. and Tran, T. and Maddock, L. and Gale, A. and Blackall, P.J. (2009) Mechanically Ventilated Broiler Sheds: a Possible Source of Aerosolized Salmonella, Campylobacter, and Escherichia coli. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 75 (23). pp. 7417-7425.

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Article Link(s): http://dx.doi.org/10.1128/AEM.01380-09

Publisher URL: http://aem.asm.org/

Abstract

This study assessed the levels of two key pathogens, Salmonella and Campylobacter, along with the indicator organism Escherichia coli in aerosols within and outside poultry sheds. The study ranged over a 3-year period on four poultry farms and consisted of six trials across the boiler production cycle of around 55 days. Weekly testing of litter and aerosols was carried out through the cycle. A key point that emerged is that the levels of airborne bacteria are linked to the levels of these bacteria in litter. This hypothesis was demonstrated by E. coli. The typical levels of E. coli in litter were similar to 10(8) CFU g(-1) and, as a consequence, were in the range of 10(2) to 10(4) CFU m(-3) in aerosols, both inside and outside the shed. The external levels were always lower than the internal levels. Salmonella was only present intermittently in litter and at lower levels (10(3) to 10(5) most probable number [MPN] g(-1)) and consequently present only intermittently and at low levels in air inside (range of 0.65 to 4.4 MPN m(-3)) and once outside (2.3 MPN m(-3)). The Salmonella serovars isolated in litter were generally also isolated from aerosols and dust, with the Salmonella serovars Chester and Sofia being the dominant serovars across these interfaces. Campylobacter was detected late in the production cycle, in litter at levels of around 107 MPN g(-1). Campylobacter was detected only once inside the shed and then at low levels of 2.2 MPN m(-3). Thus, the public health risk from these organisms in poultry environments via the aerosol pathway is minimal.

Item Type:Article
Corporate Creators:DEEDI
Additional Information:© American Society for Microbiology
Keywords:Land application; cross-contamination; processing plants; laying hens; survival; flocks; bioaerosols; poultry; air.
Subjects:Technology > Technology (General)
Animal culture > Housing and environmental control
Veterinary medicine > Diseases of special classes of animals > Avian
Veterinary medicine > Veterinary bacteriology
Deposited On:28 Jun 2010 03:04
Last Modified:17 Jun 2011 02:22

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