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Austropleospora osteospermi gen. et sp nov and its host specificity and distribution on Chrysanthemoides monilifera ssp rotundata in Australia.

Morin, L. and Shivas, R.G. and Piper, M.C. and Tan, Y.P. (2010) Austropleospora osteospermi gen. et sp nov and its host specificity and distribution on Chrysanthemoides monilifera ssp rotundata in Australia. Fungal Diversity, 40 (1). pp. 65-74.

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Article Link(s): http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13225-009-0007-7

Publisher URL: http://www.springeronline.com

Abstract

Hendersonia osteospermi was found for the first time in Australia on leaf spots of the introduced invasive plant Chrysanthemoides monilifera ssp. rotundata (bitou bush) in coastal regions of New South Wales. Pathogenicity tests on species from 11 tribes in the family Asteraceae, demonstrated that H. osteospermi caused severe necrosis on leaves and stems of C. monilifera ssp. rotundata and its congener C. monilifera ssp. monilifera (boneseed). Small necrotic spots also developed on Osteospermum fruticosum and Dimorphotheca cuneata in the Calenduleae and on Helianthus annuus (sunflower) in the Heliantheae. None of the other plant species tested developed leaf spots, although H. osteospermi was re-isolated from senescent leaves of Cynara scolymus (globe artichoke) in the Cynareae and Vernonia cinerea in the Vernonieae. Single ascospores from ascomata of a Pleospora-like fungus found on diseased stems of bitou bush produced H. osteospermi in culture, which proved the anamorph/teleomorph connection. The ITS region of both a single-ascospore isolate and a single-conidium isolate were sequenced and found to be identical. The taxonomic status of H. osteospermi is re-examined and Austropleospora osteospermi gen. et sp. nov. is described as its teleomorph based on morphology, host range tests and DNA sequence analysis. The potential of A. osteospermi for the biological control of bitou bush and boneseed in Australia is discussed.

Item Type:Article
Corporate Creators:Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation (DEEDI), Agri-Science, Crop and Food Science
Business groups:Agri-Science, Crop and Food Science
Additional Information:© Kevin D. Hyde.
Keywords:Taxonomy; invasive plant; biological control; Pleosporales; ITS; Endophyllum osteospermi; Pucciniaceae; Uredinales.
Subjects:Science > Botany > Cryptogams
Science > Invasive Species > Plants > Biological control
Deposited On:23 Jun 2010 02:49
Last Modified:25 Oct 2011 06:11

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