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A review of current knowledge of the weedy species Themeda quadrivalvis (grader grass)

Keir, A.F. and Vogler, W. (2006) A review of current knowledge of the weedy species Themeda quadrivalvis (grader grass). Tropical Grasslands, 40 (4). pp. 193-201.


Publisher URL: http://www.tropicalgrasslands.asn.au/


This review of grader grass (Themeda quadrivalvis) attempts to collate current knowledge and identify knowledge gaps that may require further research. Grader grass is a tropical annual grass native to India that is now spread throughout many of the tropical regions of the world. In Australia, it has spread rapidly since its introduction in the 1930s and is now naturalised in the tropical areas of Queensland, the Northern Territory and Western Australia and extends south along the east coast to northern New South Wales. It is a vigorous grass with limited palatability, that is capable of invading native and improved pastures, cropping land and protected areas such as state and national parks. Grader grass can form dense monocultures that reduce biodiversity, decrease animal productivity and increase the fire hazard in the seasonally dry tropics. Control options are based on herbicides, grazing management and slashing, while overgrazing appears to favour grader grass. The effect of fire on grader grass is inconclusive and needs to be defined. Little is known about the biology and impacts of grader grass in agricultural and protected ecosystems in Australia. In particular, information is needed on soil seed bank longevity, seed production, germination and growth, which would allow the development of management strategies to control this weedy grass.

Item Type:Article
Additional Information:© Tropical Grassland Society of Australia Inc.
Keywords:Themeda quadrivalvis; grader grass; review; weed ecology; weed control.
Subjects:Science > Invasive Species > Plants > Weed ecology
Science > Invasive Species > Plants > Integrated weed control
Plant pests and diseases > Weeds, parasitic plants etc
Live Archive:16 Nov 2009 05:14
Last Modified:28 Nov 2022 05:06

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