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Surveillance protocols for management of invasive plants: modelling Chilean needle grass (Nassella neesiana) in Australia

Fox, J.C. and Buckley, Y.M. and Panetta, F.D. and Bourgoin, J. and Pullar, D. (2009) Surveillance protocols for management of invasive plants: modelling Chilean needle grass (Nassella neesiana) in Australia. Diversity and Distributions, 15 (4). pp. 577-589.

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Article Link(s): http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1472-4642.2009.00562.x

Publisher URL: http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/cgi-bin/home

Abstract

Aim: To develop a surveillance support model that enables prediction of areas susceptible to invasion, comparative analysis of surveillance methods and intensity and assessment of eradication feasibility. To apply the model to identify surveillance protocols for generalized invasion scenarios and for evaluating surveillance and control for a context-specific plant invasion.

Location: Australia.

Methods: We integrate a spatially explicit simulation model, including plant demography and dispersal vectors, within a Geographical Information System. We use the model to identify effective surveillance protocols using simulations of generalized plant life-forms spreading via different dispersal mechanisms in real landscapes. We then parameterize the surveillance support model for Chilean needle grass [CNG; Nassella neesiana (Trin. & Rupr.) Barkworth], a highly invasive tussock grass, which is an eradication target in south-eastern Queensland, Australia.

Results: General surveillance protocols that can guide rapid response surveillance were identified; suitable habitat that is susceptible to invasion through particular dispersal syndromes should be targeted for surveillance using an adaptive seek-and-destroy method. The search radius of the adaptive method should be based on maximum expected dispersal distances. Protocols were used to define a surveillance strategy for CNG, but simulations indicated that despite effective and targeted surveillance, eradication is implausible at current intensities.

Main conclusions: Several important surveillance protocols emerged and simulations indicated that effectiveness can be increased if they are followed in rapid response surveillance. If sufficient data are available, the surveillance support model should be parameterized to target areas susceptible to invasion and determine whether surveillance is effective and eradication is feasible. We discovered that for CNG, regardless of a carefully designed surveillance strategy, eradication is implausible at current intensities of surveillance and control and these efforts should be doubled if they are to be successful. This is crucial information in the face of environmentally and economically damaging invasive species and large, expensive and potentially ineffective control programmes.

Item Type:Article
Corporate Creators:QPIF
Additional Information:© Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
Keywords:Biological invasions; dispersal; eradication; seek-and-destroy; simulation; surveillance.
Subjects:Science > Invasive Species > Plants > Eradication and containment
Science > Statistics > Simulation modelling
Science > Invasive Species > Modelling > Plant
Plant pests and diseases > Weeds, parasitic plants etc
Deposited On:01 Sep 2009 06:34
Last Modified:05 Apr 2011 03:13

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