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Differences between the in vitro digestibility of extrusa collected from oesophageal fistulated steers and the forage consumed.

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Coates, D.B. and Mayer, R. J. (2009) Differences between the in vitro digestibility of extrusa collected from oesophageal fistulated steers and the forage consumed. Animal Production Science, 49 (7). pp. 563-573.


Article Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/EA08285


In a study that included C-4 tropical grasses, C-3 temperate grasses and C-3 pasture legumes, in vitro dry matter digestibility of extrusa, measured as in vitro dry matter loss (IVDML) during incubation, compared with that of the forage consumed, was greater for grass extrusa but not for legume extrusa. The increase in digestibility was not caused by mastication or by the freezing of extrusa samples during storage but by the action of saliva. Comparable increases in IVDML were achieved merely by mixing bovine saliva with ground forage samples. Differences were greater than could be explained by increases due to completely digestible salivary DM. There was no significant difference between animals in relation to the saliva effect on IVDML and, except for some minor differences, similar saliva effects on IVDML were measured using either the pepsin-cellulase or rumen fluid-pepsin in vitro techniques. For both C-4 and C-3 grasses the magnitude of the differences were inversely related to IVDML of the feed and there was little or no difference between extrusa and feed at high digestibilities (>70%) whereas differences of more than 10 percentage units were measured on low quality grass forages. The data did not suggest that the extrusa or saliva effect on digestibility was different for C-3 grasses than for C-4 grasses but data on C-3 grasses were limited to few species and to high digestibility samples. For legume forages there was no saliva effect when the pepsin-cellulase method was used but there was a small but significant positive effect using the rumen fluid-pepsin method. It was concluded that when samples of extrusa are analysed using in vitro techniques, predicted in vivo digestibility of the feed consumed will often be overestimated, especially for low quality grass diets. The implications of overestimating in vivo digestibility and suggestions for overcoming such errors are discussed.

Item Type:Article
Additional Information:© CSIRO Publishing.
Keywords:Dry-matter digestibility; phosphorus kinetics; tropical grasses; temperate grasses; saliva secretion; cattle; pasture legumes; forage.
Subjects:Science > Physiology > Animal biochemistry
Animal culture > Cattle
Animal culture > Feeds and feeding. Animal nutrition
Live Archive:14 Aug 2009 00:26
Last Modified:31 Jan 2023 02:15

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