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Izmir subterranean clover (Trifolium subterraneum L. var. subterraneum)

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Nichols, P.G.H., Sandral, G.A., Dear, B.S., de Koning, C.T., Lloyd, D.L., Evans, P.M., Craig, A.D., Nutt, B.J., Barbetti, M.J., Si, P. and You, M.P. (2007) Izmir subterranean clover (Trifolium subterraneum L. var. subterraneum). Australian Journal of Experimental Agriculture, 47 (2). pp. 226-229.

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Article Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/EA05283

Publisher URL: http://www.publish.csiro.au


Izmir is a hardseeded, early flowering, subterranean clover of var. subterraneum (Katz. et Morley) Zohary and Heller collected from Turkey and developed by the collaborating organisations of the National Annual Pasture Legume Improvement Program. It is a more hardseeded replacement for Nungarin and best suited to well-drained, moderately acidic soils in areas with a growing season of less than 4.5 months. Izmir seed production and regeneration densities in 3-year pasture phases were similar to Nungarin in 21 trials across southern Australia, but markedly greater in years following a crop or no seed set. Over all measurements, Izmir produced 10% more winter herbage and 7% more spring herbage than Nungarin. Its greater hardseededness and good seed production, makes it better suited to cropping rotations than Nungarin. Softening of Izmir hard seeds occurs later in the summer–autumn period than Nungarin, giving it slightly greater protection from seed losses following false breaks to the season. Izmir is recommended for sowing in Western Australia, New South Wales, Victoria, South Australia and Queensland. Izmir has been granted Plant Breeders Rights in Australia.

Item Type:Article
Corporate Creators:Plant Science
Additional Information:© CSIRO.
Keywords:Izmir; Subterranean clover; Turkey.
Subjects:Animal culture > Rangelands. Range management. Grazing
Live Archive:16 Apr 2009 06:29
Last Modified:03 Sep 2021 16:48

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