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Models for relating pH measurements in water and calcium chloride for a wide range of pH, soil types and depths

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Ahern, C.R., Baker, D.E. and Aitken, R.L. (1995) Models for relating pH measurements in water and calcium chloride for a wide range of pH, soil types and depths. Plant and Soil, 171 . pp. 47-52. ISSN 1573-5036

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Article Link: https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00009563


Soil pH is commonly measured in water (pHw) or 0.01 M CaCl2 (pHCa). The need to convert between these methods has led to the publication of linear, quadratic and cubic polynomial relationships for limited suites of soils. Concerns over the applicability of such relationships when mapping a wide range of soils and pH led to the establishment of a database of pHW and pHCa values on each of 7894 samples from soil survey and field experimental sites in Queensland. The relationship between pHW and pHCa across all soils was investigated and preliminary results examining the effect of soil depth and soil type on the relationship are presented.

For all soils and depths, a linear regression accounted for 93.2% of the variation but did not predict pHCa well at very high or low pHW values. The inclusion of second and third powers of pHW accounted for significantly more of the variation (R2=0.94) in pHCa and the resultant curve matched the data better at high and low pH.

Analysis of surface, sub-surface and subsoil groupings did not reveal any appreciable differences in the relationship between pHW and pHCa attributable to depth. In contrast, differences in the relationship were evident between soil types. Generally, the mildly leached soils had linear relationships, while the weathered soils were distinctly curvilinear at low pH.

Item Type:Article
Keywords:acid soils, pH calcium chloride, pH water, soil depth, soil pH methods, soil type
Subjects:Science > Statistics > Mathematical statistics
Agriculture > Agriculture (General) > Soils. Soil science > Soil chemistry
Live Archive:19 Apr 2024 03:11
Last Modified:19 Apr 2024 03:11

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