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Anaplasma marginale: Effect of challenge of cattle with varying doses of infected erythrocytes

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Gale, K.R., Leatch, G., de Vos, A.J. and Jorgensen, W.K. (1996) Anaplasma marginale: Effect of challenge of cattle with varying doses of infected erythrocytes. International Journal for Parasitology, 26 (12). pp. 1417-1420. ISSN 0020-7519

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Article Link: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0020-7519(96)00133-6


Three groups, each of 6 Hereford cattle, were infected by the i.v. inoculation of 1010, 108 or 106 Anaplasma marginale-infected erythrocytes. The mean time taken to reach a 1% parasitaemia was 7.3, 13.9 and 19.9 days in the 1010, 108 and 106 infection dose groups, respectively. The rates of increase in parasitaemias during the exponential phase of parasite multiplication were similar for the 3 groups (doubling time 0.9 days). The exponential increase of the parasitaemia in the 1010 dose group extended to a higher level than in the 108 or 106 dose groups (to approximately 10% compared with 3%). The mean maximum parasitaemia attained in the 1010, 108 and 106 infection dose groups was 23.7, 14.7 and 8.7%, respectively. The time taken to reach the treatment criterion (packed cell volume decrease to 15% or lower) from a 1% parasitaemia was similar for the 3 groups. These results showed that the pathological outcome (anaemia) of anaplasmosis were similar over the 10 000-fold infective dose range tested.

Item Type:Article
Keywords:Anaplasma marginale; infective dose; experimental infection; multiplication rate
Subjects:Veterinary medicine > Veterinary epidemiology. Epizootiology
Veterinary medicine > Veterinary pathology
Veterinary medicine > Diseases of special classes of animals > Cattle
Live Archive:10 Apr 2024 00:48
Last Modified:10 Apr 2024 00:48

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