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Morphological, molecular and cytological analyses of carica papaya x C. cauliflora interspecific hybrids

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Magdalita, P. M., Drew, R.A., Adkins, S. W. and Godwin, I. D. (1997) Morphological, molecular and cytological analyses of carica papaya x C. cauliflora interspecific hybrids. Theoretical and Applied Genetics, 95 . pp. 224-229. ISSN 0040-5752

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Article Link: https://doi.org/10.1007/s001220050552


Morphological, molecular and cytological analyses were performed to assess the hybridity of 120 putative interspecific hybrids of Carica papaya L.×C. cauliflora Jacq. In the putative interspecific hybrids the number of main leaf veins was intermediate between the two parents while the hermaphrodite flower sex form and the low vigour were distinctive features of these hybrids. Petiole length, stem diameter, leaf length, leaf width and flower colour were similar to C. papaya, whereas leaf shape, type, serration, venation, petiole hairiness and flower shape were similar to C. cauliflora. Markers generated by the polymerase chain reaction using 72 10-mer primers (random amplified polymorphic DNA) revealed a high level of polymorphism (64%) between C. papaya and C. cauliflora. Seventeen of these primers yielded reliable and easily scorable polymorphic banding patterns that were further screened to reveal hybrids. A range of 1–5 RAPD primers consistently confirmed that all 120 plants were genetic hybrids, with all of them containing at least one band from the male parent. Cytological analysis revealed that 7–48% of the cells in many of the interspecific hybrids were aneuploid suggesting that chromosome elimination was occurring. The frequency of aneuploid cells was negatively associated (r=0.88) with the number of bands from the male parent integrated into the hybrid. Pollen fertility of the hybrids was from 0.5 to 14.0% while C. papaya and C. cauliflora had 88.0–99.0% and 90.0–97.0% fertile pollen, respectively.

Item Type:Article
Subjects:Science > Botany > Genetics
Plant culture > Food crops
Live Archive:02 Apr 2024 04:09
Last Modified:02 Apr 2024 04:09

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