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Experimental Leptospira borgpetersenii serovar hardjo infection of pregnant cattle

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Smith, C.R., McGowan, M.R., McClintock, C.S., Corney, B.G., Ketterer, P.J., Smythe, L. and Ward, W. (1997) Experimental Leptospira borgpetersenii serovar hardjo infection of pregnant cattle. Australian Veterinary Journal, 75 (11). pp. 822-826. ISSN 0005-0423

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Article Link: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1751-0813.1997.tb15663.x


Objective: To observe the effect upon the foetus of experimental infection of pregnant cattle with Leptospira borg-petersenii serovar hardjo.

Design: A disease transmission study using pregnant cattle.

Procedure: Fourteen heifers serologically negative to L hardjo were artificially inseminated and later challenged with a north-Queensland isolate of L hardjo by conjunctival inoculation. The heifers were serologically monitored and their urine examined for the presence of leptospires using culture and fluorescent-antibody tests at appropriate intervals. Elective caesarean sections were performed on pregnant heifers at 6.5 weeks after the challenge. Foetuses were examined using serological, histopathological, microbiological and fluorescent-antibody tests.

Results: Ten of the heifers became pregnant, but three subsequently aborted before challenge. After challenge, all 14 heifers seroconverted and L hardjo was isolated from the urine of 6 of the 7 pregnant heifers. No evidence of foetal L hardjo infection was detected. Two of the foetuses had histopatho-logical lesions consistent with Neospora s p infection.

Conclusion: It is likely that the isolate of L hardjo used in this study does not normally infect the foetus. Neospora s p may be a more significant cause of bovine reproductive wastage.

Item Type:Article
Subjects:Animal culture > Breeding and breeds
Veterinary medicine > Veterinary bacteriology
Veterinary medicine > Diseases of special classes of animals > Cattle
Live Archive:26 Mar 2024 04:40
Last Modified:26 Mar 2024 04:40

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