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Micropropagated dwarf off-type Cavendish bananas (Musa spp., AAA) show improved tolerance to suboptimal temperatures

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Damasco, O. P., Smith, M. K., Godwin, I. D., Adkins, S. W., Smillie, R. M. and Hetherington, S. E. (1997) Micropropagated dwarf off-type Cavendish bananas (Musa spp., AAA) show improved tolerance to suboptimal temperatures. Australian Journal of Agricultural Research, 48 (3). pp. 377-384. ISSN 1836-0947


Article Link: https://doi.org/10.1071/A96168


The responses of micropropagated normal plants and dwarf off-types of Cavendish (Musa spp. AAA) bananas to suboptimal temperatures were evaluated under field and controlled environmental conditions. Compared with bananas grown at 30/25°C (day/night), leaf production at 18/14°C was inhibited by 51% in normal plants and 18% in dwarf off-types. The emergence of the first leaf that developed at low temperature was delayed by 11 days for normal plants and 5 days for the dwarf off-types. Photoinhibition of lamina, measured by decrease in the chlorophyll fluorescence variable Fv/Fm, occurred in all banana plants growing in the field during the winter months. The extent to which the plants were photoinhibited was significantly greater for the normal plants than dwarf off-types. Under controlled environmental conditions, photoinhibition was similarly greater in normal plants than dwarf off-types. After 153 h at 18/14C and a 9-h photoperiod of photon flux density (PFD) of 380 mmol/m2· s, Fv/Fm was reduced by 22 and 13% for normal and dwarf off-types, respectively. When plants were exposed to 18°C and a continuous PFD of 380 µmol/m2· s for 20 h, Fv/Fm was reduced by 50% for normal plants and 36% for dwarf off-types. The results of the study indicate that dwarf off-types generated from banana micropropagation showed improved tolerance to low temperature and light, showing better growth and lower susceptibility to low-temperature induced photoinhibition than normal plants.

Item Type:Article
Keywords:photoinhibition, photosynthesis, chlorophyll fluorescence, cold tolerance
Subjects:Science > Botany > Plant physiology
Science > Botany > Genetics
Plant culture > Fruit and fruit culture > Culture of individual fruits or types of fruit > Bananas
Live Archive:19 Mar 2024 02:53
Last Modified:19 Mar 2024 02:53

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