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Components of quantitative resistance in sunflower to Alternaria helianthi

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Kong, G.A., Simpson, G.B., Kochman, J.K. and Brown, J.F. (1997) Components of quantitative resistance in sunflower to Alternaria helianthi. Annals of Applied Biology, 130 (3). pp. 439-451. ISSN 0003-4746

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Article Link: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1744-7348.1997.tb07673.x


Components of quantitative resistance, spore production, incubation period, infection frequency and mean lesion size were measured in 17 sunflower accessions inoculated with conidia of Alternuria helianthi under controlled conditions. The same accessions were also rated for disease reaction in the field in 1994 and 1995 using a generated epidemic and varied in their disease reactions from highly susceptible to highly resistant. Spearman's ranking of accessions was highly correlated (r = 0.9) for both years; however, the ranking of components measured under controlled conditions with field severity was generally poor. Regression analysis of components with field severity ratings of the accessions showed that mean lesion size was highly correlated (r = O.74) and infection frequency was moderately correlated (r = 0.58) with the field severity ratings taken over the two years. Infection frequency was also well correlated (r = 0.75) with mean lesion size. Spore production and incubation period were poorly correlated with the field severity ratings for both years. An index based on infection frequency and mean lesion size gave a better correlation with the 1995 field severity ratings than either component alone, but in 1994 the index was not as well correlated with field severity as mean lesion size alone. It is suggested that mean lesion size, determined from plants 7–9 days after inoculation could be used to select for resistance to A. helianthi in the greenhouse. Infection frequency could also be used as a predictor of resistance, but to a lesser degree.

Item Type:Article
Subjects:Plant culture > Flowers and flower culture. Ornamental plants
Plant pests and diseases > Individual or types of plants or trees
Live Archive:19 Mar 2024 01:01
Last Modified:19 Mar 2024 01:01

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