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Refinement of a cell line based artificial diet for rearing the parasitoid wasp, Trichogramma pretiosum

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Heslin, L.M., Kopittke, R.A. and Merritt, D.J. (2005) Refinement of a cell line based artificial diet for rearing the parasitoid wasp, Trichogramma pretiosum. Biological Control, 33 (3). pp. 278-285. ISSN 1049-9644

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Article Link: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biocontrol.2005.03.018


An artificial diet incorporating insect cells originally developed for Trichogramma australicum Girault (Hymenoptera: Trichogrammatidae) was successfully used to rear Trichogramma pretiosum Riley (Hymenoptera: Trichogrammatidae). To refine the diet, individual components were removed. Chicken egg yolk and the insect cells were identified as the most important components for T. pretiosum development. Their removal resulted in few pupae and no adults. Removal of Grace’s insect medium, a common component of artificial diets, was found to markedly improve the development of T. pretiosum, producing 60% larva to pupa transition and 19% pupa to adult transition. There was no significant difference in T. pretiosum development on diets in which milk powder, malt powder or infant formula were interchanged, despite differences in nutrient composition. The use of yeast extract resulted in significantly higher survival to the adult stage when compared with yeast hydrolysate enzymatic and a combination of yeast extract and yeast hydrolysate enzymatic. Comparison of four antimicrobial agents showed the antibacterial agent Gentamycin and the antifungal agent Nystatin had the least detrimental effect on T. pretiosum development. The use of insect cell line diets has the potential to simplify artificial diet production and significantly reduce T. pretiosum production costs in Australia compared to diets using insect hemolymph or the use of natural or factitious hosts.

Item Type:Article
Subjects:Science > Entomology
Plant pests and diseases > Pest control and treatment of diseases. Plant protection > Organic plant protection. Biological control
Animal culture > Feeds and feeding. Animal nutrition
Live Archive:05 Feb 2024 01:29
Last Modified:05 Feb 2024 01:29

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