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Induction of a new follicular wave in holstein heifers synchronized with norgestomet

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Garcı́a, F.E.O., Cordero, M.J.L., Hizarza, E.A., Peralta, O.J.G., Ortega, C.M.E., Cárdenas, M., Gutierrez, C.G. and Sánchez, T.E.M.T. (2004) Induction of a new follicular wave in holstein heifers synchronized with norgestomet. Animal Reproduction Science, 80 (1-2). pp. 47-57. ISSN 0378-4320

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Article Link: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0378-4320(03)00137-4


Treatments with progestin to synchronize the bovine estrous cycle in the absence of the corpus luteum, induces persistence of a dominant follicle and a reduction of fertility at doses commonly utilized. The objective of the present research was to induce a new wave of ovarian follicular development in heifers in which stage of the estrous cycle was synchronized with norgestomet. Holstein heifers (n=30) were used, in which estrus was synchronized using two doses of PGF2α i.m. (25 mg each) 11 days apart. Six days after estrus (day 0=day of estrus) heifers received a norgestomet implant (6 mg of norgestomet). On day 12, heifers were injected with 25 mg of PGF2α i.m. and assigned to treatments (T1 to T4) as follows: treatment 1, heifers received a second norgestomet implant (T1: N+N, n=6), treatment 2, received 100 μg of GnRH i.m. (T2: N+GnRH, n=6), treatment 3, 200 mg of progesterone i.m. (T3: N+P4, n=6), treatment 4, control treatment with saline solution i.m. (T4: N+SS); in the four treatments (T1 to T4) implants were removed on day 14. For treatment 5, heifers received 100 μg of GnRH i.m. on day 9 and 25 mg of PGF2α i.m. (T5: N+GnRH+PGF2α) at the time of implant removal (day 16). Ovarian evaluations using ultrasonographic techniques were performed every 48 h from days 3 to 11 and every 24 h from days 11 to 21. Blood samples were collected every 48 h to analyze for progesterone concentration. A new wave of ovarian follicular development was induced in 3/6, 6/6, 3/6, 1/6 and 6/6, and onset of estrus in 6/6, 0/6, 6/6, 6/6 and 6/6 for T1, T2, T3, T4 and T5, respectively. Heifers from T1, T3 and T4 that ovulated from a persistent follicle, showed estrus 37.5±12.10 h after implant removal and heifers that developed a new wave of ovarian follicular development showed it at 120.28±22.81 h (P<0.01). Ovulation occurred at 5.92±1.72 and 2.22±1.00 days (P<0.01), respectively. Progesterone concentration was <1 ng/ml from days 7 to 15 in T1, T2 and T4; for T3 progesterone concentration was 2.25±0.50 ng/ml on day 13 and decreased on day 15 to 0.34±0.12 ng/ml (P<0.01). For T5, progesterone concentration was 1.66±0.58 ng/ml on day 15. The more desirable results were obtained with T5, in which 100% of heifers had a new wave of ovarian follicular development induced, with onset of estrus and ovulation synchronized in a short time period.

Item Type:Article
Subjects:Animal culture > Breeding and breeds
Animal culture > Cattle
Live Archive:30 Jan 2024 05:24
Last Modified:30 Jan 2024 05:24

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