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Highlights of drought policy and related science in Australia and the USA

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White, D. H., Wilhite, D. A., O'Meagher, B. and Hammer, G. L. (2001) Highlights of drought policy and related science in Australia and the USA. Water International, 26 (3). pp. 349-357. ISSN 0250-8060

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Article Link: https://doi.org/10.1080/02508060108686927


Patterns of water supply and use in Australia and the U.S.A. differ in many ways. This results in different perceptions concerning the nature of drought and policy approaches to its management. This paper discusses the differences and similarities and explores lessons that policy makers in both countries can learn from one another. A key difference between the two countries is that whereas drought is perceived in Australia essentially in terms of its impact on agriculture, in the U.S. both perceptions and policy are also heavily influenced by the impact of drought on urban communities. This has led to different policy emphases. In 1992 Australia established its National Drought Policy; the U.S. is presently considering the adoption of a national drought policy. These policies highlight drought being accepted as part of natural climate variability, rather than as a natural disaster. They also emphasize the protection of the natural resource base.

Item Type:Article
Subjects:Agriculture > Agriculture (General) > Agricultural meteorology. Crops and climate
Live Archive:10 Jan 2024 23:06
Last Modified:10 Jan 2024 23:06

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