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Phosphorus nutrition and tolerance of cotton to water stress: II. Water relations, free and bound water and leaf expansion rate

Singh, V. and Pallaghy, C.K. and Singh, D. (2006) Phosphorus nutrition and tolerance of cotton to water stress: II. Water relations, free and bound water and leaf expansion rate. Field Crops Research, 96 (2-3). pp. 199-206.

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Article Link(s): http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.fcr.2005.06.011

Publisher URL: http://www.elsevier.com

Abstract

In previous experiments, increased leaf-Phosphorus (P) content with increasing P supply enhanced the individual leaf expansion and water content of fresh cotton leaves in a severely drying soil. In this paper, we report on the bulk water content of leaves and its components, free and bound water, along with other measures of plant water status, in expanding cotton leaves of various ages in a drying soil with different P concentrations. The bound water in living tissue is more likely to play a major role in tolerance to abiotic stresses by maintaining the structural integrity and/or cell wall extensibility of the leaves, whilst an increased amount of free water might be able to enhance solute accumulation, leading to better osmotic adjustment and tolerance to water stress, and maintenance of the volumes of sub-cellular compartments for expansive leaf growth. There were strong correlations between leaf-P%, leaf water (total, free and bound water) and leaf expansion rate (LER) under water stress conditions in a severely drying soil. Increased soil-P enhanced the uptake of P from a drying soil, leading to increased supply of osmotically active inorganic solutes to the cells in growing leaves. This appears to have led to the accumulation of free water and more bound water, ultimately leading to increased leaf expansion rates as compared to plants in low P soil under similar water stress conditions. The greater amount of bound and free water in the high-P plants was not necessarily associated with changes in cell turgor, and appears to have maintained the cell-wall properties and extensibility under water stressed conditions in soils that are nutritionally P-deficient.

Item Type:Article
Corporate Creators:Plant Science
Additional Information:© Elsevier B.V.
Keywords:Cell turgor; cotton; free water; bound water; leaf expansion rate; phosphorus; water content; water stress.
Subjects:Plant culture > Field crops > Textile and fibre plants
Science > Botany > Plant physiology
Deposited On:12 Jan 2009 04:54
Last Modified:28 Mar 2011 23:54

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