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Carotenoid and vitamin content of Karat and other Micronesian banana cultivars.

Englberger, L. and Schierle, J. and Aalbersberg, W. and Hofmann, P. and Humphries, J. and Huang, A. and Lorens, A. and Levendusky, A. and Daniells, J. and Marks, G.C. and Fitzgerald, M.H. (2006) Carotenoid and vitamin content of Karat and other Micronesian banana cultivars. International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition, 57 (5-6). pp. 399-418.

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Article Link(s): http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09637480600872010

Publisher URL: http://www.informaworld.com/smpp/home~db=all

Abstract

We previously found high carotenoid levels in Karat and other Micronesian bananas, indicating potential importance for alleviating vitamin A deficiency and other nutritionally related health problems in the Federated States of Micronesia. Past work focused on carotenoid and mineral analyses, whereas here we investigated 16 cultivars (most not previously analysed) for a broader micronutrient profile, including seven vitamins. Karat carotenoid levels were higher than in previous analyses, confirming Karat as exceptionally carotenoid-rich. We identified an additional 10 carotenoid-rich cultivars, expanding the range having potential for alleviating vitamin A deficiency. A striking finding is the high riboflavin level in Karat, including high levels of uncharacterized flavonoids. Niacin and α-tocopherol are at levels that may contribute importantly to dietary intake within normal patterns of consumption. These data present a more complete basis for promoting the nutritional benefits of these banana cultivars where they are consumed in the Pacific, and potential benefits for promoting elsewhere.

Item Type:Article
Corporate Creators:Horticulture and Forestry Science
Additional Information:© Informa plc.
Keywords:Food chemistry; nutrition; bioscience; carotenoid; karat; Micronesian bananas; vitamin A deficiency; niacin; α-tocopherol.
Subjects:Plant culture > Fruit and fruit culture > Culture of individual fruits or types of fruit > Bananas
Science > Science (General)
Deposited On:03 Feb 2009 02:59
Last Modified:15 Nov 2010 01:47

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