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Helicoverpa armigera (Hubner): can wheat stubble protect cotton plants against attack?

Cleary, A.J. and Cribb, B.W. and Murray, D.A.H. (2006) Helicoverpa armigera (Hubner): can wheat stubble protect cotton plants against attack? Australian Journal of Entomology, 45 (1). pp. 10-15.

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Article Link(s): http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1440-6055.2006.00521.x

Publisher URL: http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/cgi-bin/home

Abstract

When investigating strategies for Helicoverpa armigera (Hubner) control, it is important to understand oviposition behaviour. Cotton (Gossypium hirsutum) was sown into standing wheat (Triticum astivum L.) stubble in a closed arena to investigate the effect of stubble on H. armigera moth behaviour and oviposition. Infrared cameras were used to track moths and determine whether stubble acted as a physical barrier or provided camouflage to cotton plants, thereby reducing oviposition. Searching activity was observed to peak shortly before dawn (03:00 and 04:00 h) and remained high until just after dawn (4 h window). Moths spent more time resting on cotton plants than spiralling above them, and the least time flying across the arena. While female moths spent more time searching for cotton plants growing in wheat stubble, the difference in oviposition was not significant. As similar numbers of eggs were laid on cotton plants with stubble (3.5/plant SE +/- 0.87) and without stubble (2.5/plant SE +/- 0.91), wheat stubble does not appear to provide camouflage to cotton plants. There was no significant difference in the location of eggs deposited on cotton plants with and without stubble, although more eggs were laid on the tops of cotton leaves in wheat stubble. As the spatial and temporal distribution of eggs laid on the cotton plant is a crucial component of population stability, eggs laid on the upper side of leaves on cotton plants may be more prone to fatalities caused by environmental factors such as wind and rain. Therefore, although stubble did not influence the number of eggs laid, it did affect their distribution on the plant, which may result in increased mortality of eggs on cotton plants sown into standing wheat stubble.

Item Type:Article
Business groups:Agri-Science, Crop and Food Science
Additional Information:© Australian Entomological Society.
Keywords:Behaviour; camouflage; Helicoverpa armigera (Hubner); infrared camera; oviposition; punctigera wallengren; flight behavior; lepidoptera; noctuidae; selection; ecology; technologies; diversity; responses; habitats.
Subjects:Plant pests and diseases > Pest control and treatment of diseases. Plant protection
Science > Zoology > Invertebrates > Insects
Plant culture > Field crops > Textile and fibre plants
Deposited On:02 Feb 2009 01:21
Last Modified:27 Oct 2011 01:25

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