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Aspects of reproduction and diet of the Australian endemic skate Dipturus polyommata (Ogilby) (Elasmobranchii: Rajidae), by-catch of a commercial prawn trawl fishery

Kyne, P.M. and Courtney, A.J. and Bennett, M.B. (2008) Aspects of reproduction and diet of the Australian endemic skate Dipturus polyommata (Ogilby) (Elasmobranchii: Rajidae), by-catch of a commercial prawn trawl fishery. Journal of Fish Biology, 72 (1). pp. 61-77.

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Abstract

The Australian endemic skate Dipturus polyommata collected from by-catch of a benthic prawn fishery off southern Queensland was examined to provide information on reproduction and diet. Morphological relationships of total length (LT) to disc width and LT to mass were estimated. Size at birth was estimated at c. 100-110 mm and size at first feeding at c. 105-110 mm LT. Size at 50% maturity (LT50 and 95% CI) was 321 (305-332) and 300 (285-306) mm LT for females and males, respectively. Size at first maturity corresponded to 87.7% of observed maximum size in females (366 mm LT) and 87.5% in males (343 mm L T). Two females, representing 18.2% of mature females sampled in the austral winter were each carrying two egg cases. Descriptions of egg cases are given. Diet described by the index of relative importance as a percentage (%IRI) was predominantly crustacean based with carid shrimps (53.64%) and penaeoid prawns (23.30%) the most significant prey groups. Teleosts (11.72%), gammarid amphipods (5.31%) and mysids (4.72%) were also important to the diet of the species, while a further six prey groups made only a minor contribution to diet (1.31%). An ontogenetic change was evident between the diets of immature and mature skates. Immature animals fed more extensively on carids and amphipods and mature animals on penaeoids, teleosts and mysids.

Item Type:Article
Corporate Creators:Fisheries
Additional Information:© The Fisheries Society of the British Isles.
Keywords:Egg cases; maturity; ontogenetic dietary shifts.
Subjects:Science > Biology > Reproduction
Aquaculture and Fisheries > Fisheries > Shellfish fisheries
Deposited On:04 Nov 2008 06:04
Last Modified:06 Sep 2010 23:55

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