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Modelling Leaf Production and Crop Development in Maize (Zea mays L.) After Tassel Initiation Under Diverse Conditions of Temperature and Photoperiod

Birch, C.J. and Rickert, K.G. and Hammer, G.L. (1998) Modelling Leaf Production and Crop Development in Maize (Zea mays L.) After Tassel Initiation Under Diverse Conditions of Temperature and Photoperiod. Field Crops Research, 58 (2). pp. 81-95.

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Article Link(s): http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0378-4290(98)00087-2

Publisher URL: http://www.elsevier.com

Abstract

Prediction of the initiation, appearance and emergence of leaves is critically important to the success of simulation models of crop canopy development and some aspects of crop ontogeny. Data on leaf number and crop ontogeny were collected on five cultivars of maize differing widely in maturity and genetic background grown under natural and extended photoperiods, and planted on seven sowing dates from October 1993 to March 1994 at Gatton, South-east Queensland. The same temperature coefficients were established for crop ontogeny before silking, and the rates of leaf initiation, leaf tip appearance and full leaf expansion, the base, optimum and maximum temperatures for each being 8, 34 and 40 degrees C. After silking, the base temperature for ontogeny was 0 degrees C, but the optimum and maximum temperatures remained unchanged. The rates of leaf initiation, appearance of leaf tips and full leaf expansion varied in a relatively narrow range across sowing times and photoperiod treatments, with average values of 0.040 leaves (degrees Cd)-1, 0.021 leaves (degrees Cd)-1, and 0.019 leaves (degrees Cd)-1, respectively. The relationships developed in this study provided satisfactory predictions of leaf number and crop ontogeny (tassel initiation to silking, emergence to silking and silking to physiological maturity) when assessed using independent data from Gatton (South eastern Queensland), Katherine and Douglas Daly (Northern Territory), Walkamin (North Queensland) and Kununurra (Western Australia).

Item Type:Article
Business groups:Agri-Science, Crop and Food Science
Additional Information:© Elsevier B.V.
Keywords:Leaf initiation; leaf appearance; leaf expansion; maize; modelling; photoperiod; ontogeny; tassel initiation; temperature; Zea mays.
Subjects:Plant culture > Field crops > Corn. Maize
Science > Statistics > Simulation modelling
Science > Botany > Plant physiology
Deposited On:23 Mar 2009 03:17
Last Modified:11 Oct 2011 07:06

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