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Emerging henipaviruses and flying foxes - Conservation and management perspectives

Breed, A.C. and Field, H.E. and Epstein, J.H. and Daszak, P. (2006) Emerging henipaviruses and flying foxes - Conservation and management perspectives. Biological Conservation, 131 (2). pp. 211-220.

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Article Link(s): http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2006.04.007

Publisher URL: http://www.elsevier.com

Abstract

Wildlife populations are affected by a series of emerging diseases, some of which pose a significant threat to their conservation. They can also be reservoirs of pathogens that threaten domestic animal and human health. In this paper, we review the ecology of two viruses that have caused significant disease in domestic animals and humans and are carried by wild fruit bats in Asia and Australia. The first, Hendra virus, has caused disease in horses and/or humans in Australia every five years since it first emerged in 1994. Nipah virus has caused a major outbreak of disease in pigs and humans in Malaysia in the late 1990s and has also caused human mortalities in Bangladesh annually since 2001. Increased knowledge of fruit bat population dynamics and disease ecology will help improve our understanding of processes driving the emergence of diseases from bats. For this, a transdisciplinary approach is required to develop appropriate host management strategies that both maximise the conservation of bat populations as well as minimise the risk of disease outbreaks in domestic animals and humans.

Item Type:Article
Corporate Creators:Biosecurity Queensland
Additional Information:© Elsevier.
Keywords:Nipah; Hendra; Pteropus; bat; emerging.
Subjects:Veterinary medicine > Veterinary epidemiology. Epizootiology
Veterinary medicine > Diseases of special classes of animals
Deposited On:03 Feb 2009 01:50
Last Modified:31 Mar 2011 02:53

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