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Predicting survival of western rock lobsters Panulirus cygnus using discriminant analysis of hemolymph parameters taken immediately following simulated handling treatments

Paterson, B.D. and Spanoghe, P.T. and Davidson, G.W. and Hosking, W. and Nottingham, S. and Jussila, J. and Evans, L.H. (2005) Predicting survival of western rock lobsters Panulirus cygnus using discriminant analysis of hemolymph parameters taken immediately following simulated handling treatments. New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research, 39 (5). pp. 1129-1143.

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Publisher URL: http://www.royalsociety.org.nz/default.aspx

Abstract

Instances of morbidity amongst rock lobsters (Panulirus cygnus) arriving at factories in Western Australia (WA) have been attributed to stress during post-harvest handling. This study used discriminant analysis to determine whether physiological correlates of stress following a period of simulated post-harvest handling had any validity as predictors of future rejection or morbidity of western rock lobsters. Groups of 230 western rock lobsters were stored for 6 h in five environments (submerged/flowing sea water, submerged/re-circulating sea water, humid air, flowing sea water spray, and re-circulated sea water spray).

The experiment was conducted in late spring (ambient sea water 22°C), and repeated again in early autumn (ambient sea water 26°C). After 6 h treatment, each lobster was graded for acceptability for live export, numbered, and its hemolymph was sampled. The samples were analysed for a number of physiological and health status parameters. The lobsters were then stored for a week in tanks in the live lobster factory to record mortality. The mortality of lobsters in the factory was associated with earlier deviations in hemolymph parameters as they emerged from the storage treatments. Discriminant analysis (DA) of the hemolymph assays enabled the fate of 80-90% of the lobsters to be correctly categorised within each experiment. However, functions derived from one experiment were less accurate at predicting mortality when applied to the other experiments. One of the reasons for this was the higher mortality and the more severe patho-physiological changes observed in lobsters stored in humid air or sprays at the higher temperature. The analysis identified lactate accumulation during emersion and associated physiological and hemocyte-related effects as a major correlate of mortality. Reducing these deviations, for example by submerged transport, is expected to ensure high levels of survival. None of the indicators tested predicted mortality with total accuracy. The simplest and most accurate means of comparing emersed treatments was to count the mortality afterwards.

Item Type:Article
Corporate Creators:Emerging Technoligies
Additional Information:Author version © Queensland Department of Primary Industries and Fisheries.. Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher. © The Royal Society of New Zealand. Access to published version may be available via Publisher’s website.
Keywords:Rock lobsters; Panulius cygnus; Mortality; Live storage; Lactate; Anaerobiosis.
Subjects:Aquaculture and Fisheries
Deposited On:11 Oct 2005
Last Modified:13 Aug 2010 15:08

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