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Pheromone-trapping of Carpophilus spp. (Coleoptera: Nitidulidae) in stone fruit orchards near Gosford, New South Wales: Fauna, seasonality and effect of insecticides

James, D.G. and Faulder, R.F. and Vogele, B. and Moore, C.J. (2000) Pheromone-trapping of Carpophilus spp. (Coleoptera: Nitidulidae) in stone fruit orchards near Gosford, New South Wales: Fauna, seasonality and effect of insecticides. Australian Journal of Entomology, 39 (4). pp. 310-315.

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Article Link(s): http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1440-6055.2000.00183.x

Publisher URL: http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/cgi-bin/home

Abstract

Traps baited with synthetic aggregation pheromones of Carpophilus hemipterus (L.), Carpophilus mutilatus Erichson and Carpophilus davidsoni Dobson and fermenting bread dough were used to identify the fauna and monitor the seasonal abundance of Carpophilus spp. in insecticide treated peach and nectarine orchards in the Gosford area of coastal New South Wales. In four orchards 67 178 beetles were trapped during 1994–1995, with C. davidsoni (82%) and Carpophilus gaveni (Dobson) (12.2%) dominating catches. Five species (C. hemipterus, C. mutilatus, Carpophilus marginellus Motschulsky, Carpophilus humeralis (F.) and an unidentified species) each accounted for 0.2–3.2% of trapped beetles.

Carpophilus davidsoni was most abundant during late September–early October but numbers declined rapidly during October, usually before insecticides were applied. Spring populations of Carpophilus spp. were very large in 1994–1995 (1843–2588 per trap per week). However, despite a preharvest population decline of approximately 95% and 2–11 applications of insecticide, 14–545 beetles per trap per week (above the arbitrary fruit damage threshold of 10 beetles per trap per week) were recorded during the harvest period and fruit damage occurred at three of the four orchards. Lower preharvest populations in 1995–1996 (< 600 per trap per week) and up to six applications of insecticide resulted in < 10 beetles per trap per week during most of the harvest period and minimal or no fruit damage. The implications of these results for the integrated management of Carpophilus spp. in coastal and inland areas of southeastern Australia are discussed.

Item Type:Article
Additional Information:© Blackwell Publishing Inc.
Keywords:Abundance; aggregation pheromones; control; Nitidulids; stone fruit.
Subjects:Plant pests and diseases > Pest control and treatment of diseases. Plant protection
Science > Zoology > Invertebrates > Insects
Plant pests and diseases > Individual or types of plants or trees > Stonefruit
Deposited On:14 Nov 2005
Last Modified:16 Jun 2011 01:52

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