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A comparison of the performance and biological efficiency of new knapsack sprayers and a controlled droplet application (CDA) sprayer for the control of the diamondback moth, Plutella xylostella L. (Lepidoptera: Plutellidae)

Shi-Jian, G. and Geitz, G. and Franklin, T. and Yin-Quan, L. and Furlong, M.J. and Zalucki, M.P. and Cooper, L. (2004) A comparison of the performance and biological efficiency of new knapsack sprayers and a controlled droplet application (CDA) sprayer for the control of the diamondback moth, Plutella xylostella L. (Lepidoptera: Plutellidae). International Journal of Pest Management, 50 (2). pp. 121-127.

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Article Link(s): http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09670870410001663714

Publisher URL: http://www.tandf.co.uk/journals/alphalist.asp

Abstract

Field trials and laboratory bioassays were undertaken to compare the performance and efficacy (mortality of diamondback moth larvae) of insecticides applied to cabbages with three high volume hydraulic knapsack sprayers (NS-16, PB-20 and Selecta 12V) and a controlled droplet application (CDA) sprayer. In field experiments, the high volume knapsack sprayers (application rate 500-600 L ha-') provided better spray coverage on the upper and lower surfaces of inner leaves, the upper surfaces of middle and outer leaves, and greater biological efficacy than the CDA sprayer (application rate 20~40 L ha-'). The PB-20 provided better spray coverage on the upper surface of middle leaves and both Surfaces of outer leaves when compared with the Selecta I2V. However, its biological efficacy in the field was not significantly different from that of the other high volume sprayers. Increasing the application rate from 20 to 40 L ha - ' for the CDA
sprayer significantly increased droplet density but had no impact on test insect mortality. Laboratory evaluations of biological efficacy yielded higher estimates than field evaluations and there was no significant difference between the performance of the PB-20 and the CDA sprayer. Significant positive relationships were detected between insect mortality and droplet density deposited for both the PB-20 and the CDA sprayers

Item Type:Article
Additional Information:© Taylor & Francis.
Keywords:Knapsack sprayer; high volume; very low volume; cabbage; Plutella zylostella; insecticide efficacy assessment.
Subjects:Technology > Technology (General)
Plant pests and diseases > Pest control and treatment of diseases. Plant protection > Pesticides
Deposited On:09 Aug 2004
Last Modified:05 Apr 2011 01:58

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