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Dry flower disease of Macadamia in Australia caused by Neopestalotiopsis macadamiae sp. nov. and Pestalotiopsis macadamiae sp. nov

Akinsanmi, Olufemi A. and Nisa, Shaheen and Jeff-Ego, Olumide S. and Shivas, Roger and Drenth, Andre (2016) Dry flower disease of Macadamia in Australia caused by Neopestalotiopsis macadamiae sp. nov. and Pestalotiopsis macadamiae sp. nov. Plant Disease . ISSN 0191-2917

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Article Link(s): http://dx.doi.org/10.1094/PDIS-05-16-0630-RE

Publisher URL: http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/doi/abs/10.1094/PDIS-05-16-0630-RE

Abstract

Incidence of dry flower disease of macadamia (Macadamia integrifolia), expressed as blight of the flowers, necrosis and dieback of the rachis, is increasing in Australia. In the 2012/13 production season, incidence of dry flower disease resulted in 10% to 30% yield loss in the affected orchards. Etiology of the disease has not been established. This study was established to characterise the disease and identify the causal pathogen. A survey of the major macadamia producing regions in Australia revealed dry flower disease symptoms, regardless of cultivar or location at all stages of raceme development. Based on colony and conidial morphology, the majority (41%) of fungal isolates obtained from tissue samples were identified as Pestalotiopsis and Neopestalotiopsis spp. The phylogeny of the combined partial sequence of the internal transcribed spacer, beta-tubulin and translation elongation factor 1-alpha gene loci, segregated the isolates into two well supported clades, independent of location or part of the inflorescence affected. Further morphological examination supported the establishment of two new species, which are formally described as Neopestalotiopsis macadamiae sp. nov. and Pestalotiopsis macadamiae sp. nov. Using spore suspensions of isolates of both species, Koch?s postulates were fulfilled on three macadamia cultivars at all stages of raceme development. To our knowledge, this is the first report of species of Neopestalotiopsis and Pestalotiopsis as causal agents of inflorescence disease in macadamia.

Item Type:Article
Business groups:Biosecurity Queensland
Subjects:Plant culture > Fruit and fruit culture > Nuts
Plant pests and diseases
Plant pests and diseases > Plant pathology
Deposited On:05 Oct 2016 02:46
Last Modified:05 Oct 2016 02:46

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