Malekpour, Rokhsareh and Rafter, Michelle A. and Daglish, Gregory J. and Walter, Gimme H. (2016) Influence of phosphine resistance genes on flight propensity and resource location in Tribolium castaneum (Herbst) (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae): the landscape for selection. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society . n/a-n/a. ISSN 1095-8312
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Article Link(s): http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bij.12817
Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bij.12817
Phosphine resistance in Tribolium castaneum Herbst (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae) has evolved through changes to enzymes involved in basic metabolic pathways. These changes impose metabolic stress and could affect energy-demanding behaviours. We therefore tested whether phosphine resistance alleles impact the movement of these insects in their quest for new resources. We measured walking and flight parameters of four T. castaneum genotypes: (1) a field-derived population, (2) a laboratory cultured, phosphine-susceptible reference strain, (3) a laboratory cultured, phosphine-resistant reference strain, and (4) a resistant introgressed strain that is almost identical genetically to the susceptible population. The temporal pattern of flight was identical across all populations, but resistant beetles took flight significantly less, walked more slowly, and located resources less successfully than did susceptible beetles. Also, the field-derived beetles (proved not to be carrying resistance genes) walked significantly faster and more directly towards food resources, and had a higher propensity for flight when compared to the susceptible laboratory beetles. These negative effects suggest survival of beetles with the resistance alleles will be compromised should they leave phosphine application sites. The field for selection therefore extends beyond the site at which phosphine fumigant imposed its effect, and other mutations are also likely to be affected in this way.
|Business groups:||Crop and Food Science|
|Keywords:||laboratory culturing movement natural selection phosphine resistance pleiotropic effects|
|Subjects:||Agriculture > Agriculture (General) > Agricultural chemistry. Agricultural chemicals|
Agriculture > Agriculture (General) > Storage
Plant pests and diseases > Economic entomology
|Deposited On:||12 Aug 2016 04:15|
|Last Modified:||12 Aug 2016 04:15|
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