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Postharvest handling practices and irradiation increase lenticel discolouration in ‘B74’ mango fruit

Marques, J. R. and Hofman, P. J. and Macnish, A. J. (2016) Postharvest handling practices and irradiation increase lenticel discolouration in ‘B74’ mango fruit. The Journal of Horticultural Science and Biotechnology . pp. 1-7. ISSN 1462-0316

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Article Link(s): http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14620316.2016.1191321

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14620316.2016.1191321

Abstract

ABSTRACT 'B74' mango is a recently commercialised cultivar in Australia, with an appealing skin colour and firm fibreless flesh. However, fruit can develop lenticel discolouration (LD) after harvest, with loss of commercial value, especially after γ-irradiation as a disinfestation treatment. We hypothesised that postharvest practices could increase fruit sensitivity to LD and tested that by sequentially sampling fruit between the orchard and the end of the packing line over two seasons, followed by ripening without and with irradiation treatment. Exposure of 441-610 Gy γ-irradiation significantly increased the severity of LD by 6.8-fold in commercially picked and packed ripe fruit, reducing the proportion of marketable fruit from 98% to 2%, compared to irradiated fruit harvested directly from the trees and not exposed to de-sapping solution and packing operations. Also, LD increased progressively as the fruit passed through the harvesting and packing processes, and exposure to only bore water increased LD severity compared with no water contact. Results suggest that the typical de-sapping process used during harvesting is a major contributor to skin sensitivity to LD in 'B74' mango fruit, and that other packing operations involving wetting of the fruit have an additive effect on it. These effects are exacerbated if fruit is irradiated.

Item Type:Article
Business groups:Horticulture and Forestry Science
Keywords:Mango postharvest handling irradiation lenticel discolouration
Subjects:Plant culture > Harvesting, curing, storage
Deposited On:12 Aug 2016 04:08
Last Modified:12 Aug 2016 04:08

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