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Efficiency of rumen microbial protein synthesis in cattle grazing tropical pastures as estimated by a novel technique

Bowen, Maree and Poppi, Dennis and McLennan, Stuart (2016) Efficiency of rumen microbial protein synthesis in cattle grazing tropical pastures as estimated by a novel technique. Animal Production Science . ISSN 1836-5787

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Article Link(s): http://www.publish.csiro.au/view/journals/dsp_jour...

Abstract

The efficiency of microbial protein synthesis (EMPS) in cattle grazing a range of tropical pasture types was examined using a new method of intra-jugular infusion of CrEDTA to estimate urinary excretion of purine derivatives (PD). Seven pasture types were studied in south-east Queensland, Australia, over a 13-month period. These included native tropical grass (C4) pasture (major species Heteropogon contortus and Bothriochloa bladhii) studied in the early wet, the wet/dry transition and the dry season; introduced tropical grass (C4) pasture (Bothriochloa insculpta) in the mid wet season; two introduced tropical legume species (C3), (Lablab purpureus and Clitoria ternatea); and the temperate grass (C3) pasture, ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum). There was a large range in EMPS across pasture types: 26-209 g microbial crude protein (MCP)/kg digestible organic matter intake (DOMI). Estimated rumen degradable protein (RDP) supply (42-525 g/kg DOMI) was the major factor associated with EMPS across the range of pasture types studied. EMPS in steers grazing all tropical grass pastures was low (<130 g/kg DOMI) and limited by RDP supply. Negative linear relationships (P<0.05) between EMPS and both neutral detergent fibre (NDF) and acid detergent fibre (ADF) concentrations in extrusa were evident. However, non-fibre carbohydrate in extrusa, total non-structural carbohydrate concentration in plucked pasture leaf, rumen fluid and particle dilution rate, protozoal concentration in rumen fluid and rumen fluid pH were not correlated with EMPS. It was concluded that EMPS was well below 130 g MCP/kg DOMI when cattle grazed unfertilised, tropical grass pastures in south-east Queensland and that RDP was the primary limiting nutrient. High EMPS was associated with very high RDP, vastly in excess of RDP requirements by microbes

Item Type:Article
Business groups:Animal Science
Subjects:Animal culture > Cattle
Veterinary medicine > Veterinary microbiology
Animal culture > Rangelands. Range management. Grazing
Deposited On:20 Jul 2016 23:30
Last Modified:30 Aug 2016 03:36

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