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Variation in susceptibility among macadamia genotypes and species to Phytophthora root decay caused by Phytophthora cinnamomi

Akinsanmi, Olufemi A. and Wang, Gang and Neal, Jodi and Russell, Dougal and Drenth, André and Topp, Bruce (2016) Variation in susceptibility among macadamia genotypes and species to Phytophthora root decay caused by Phytophthora cinnamomi. Crop Protection, 87 . pp. 37-43. ISSN 02612194

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Article Link(s): http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cropro.2016.04.021

Abstract

Phytophthora cinnamomi is a major pathogen of cultivated macadamia (Macadamia integrifolia, Macadamia tetraphylla and their hybrids) worldwide. The susceptibility of the two non-edible Macadamia species (Macadamia ternifolia and Macadamia jansenii) to P. cinnamomi is not well-understood. Commercial macadamia trees are established on grafted seedling (seed propagation) or own-rooted cutting (vegetative propagation) rootstocks of hybrids of the cultivated species. There is little information to support the preferential use of rootstock propagated by either seedling or own-rooted cutting methods in macadamia. In this study we assessed roots of macadamia plants of the four species and their hybrids, derived from the two methods of propagation, for their susceptibility to P. cinnamomi infection. The roots of inoculated plant from which P. cinnamomi was recovered showed blackening symptoms. The non-cultivated species, M. ternifolia and M. jansenii and their hybrids were the most susceptible germplasm compared with M. tetraphylla and M. integrifolia. Of these two species, M. tetraphylla was less susceptible than M. integrifolia. Significant differences were observed among the accessions of their hybrids. A strong association (R2 > 0.75) was recorded between symptomatic roots and disease severity. Root density reduced with increasing disease severity rating in both own-rooted cuttings (R2 = 0.65) and germinated seedlings (R2 = 0.55). P. cinnamomi severity data were not significantly (P > 0.05) different between the two methods of plant propagation. The significance of this study to macadamia breeding and selection of disease resistant rootstocks is discussed.

Item Type:Article
Business groups:Horticulture and Forestry Science
Subjects:Plant culture > Propagation
Plant culture > Tree crops
Plant pests and diseases
Deposited On:05 Jul 2016 04:00
Last Modified:05 Jul 2016 04:00

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