Nayak, M.K. and Collins, P.J. and Pavic, H. (2003) Effect of fumigation temperature on the efficacy of phosphine against strongly resistant psocids liposcelis bostrychophila (Pscodoptera: Liposcelididae). In: Advances in stored product protection. Proceedings of the 8th International Working Conference on Stored Product Protection. Poster Session 105, Theme IV, Chemical and Physical Control, 22-26 July 2002, York, UK.
Species of Liposcelis psocids have emerged as major pests of stored grain in Australia in recent years. Several populations have been detected with high resistance to phosphine, the major chemical treatment. Highest resistance has been detected in the cosmopolitan species Liposcelis bostrychophila. As part of a national resistance management strategy to maintain the viability of phosphine, we are developing minimum effective dosage regimes (concentration x time) required to control all life stages of resistant L. bostrychophila at a range of grain temperatures. Four concentrations of phosphine, 0.1, 0.17, 0.3 aid 1 mg/L, were evaluated for their effectiveness against strongly resistant L. bostrychophila at a series of fumigation temperatures: 20, 25, 30 and 35°C. Results were recorded as the least number of days taken to achieve population extinction. We found that, at any fixed concentration of phosphine, time to population extinction decreased as fumigation temperature increased from 20 to 30°C. For example, at 0.1 mg/L, it took more than 14 days at 20°C to completely control these insects, whereas at 30°C it took only seven days. Increase in fumigation temperature from 25OC to 30°C dramatically reduced the exposure period needed to achieve population extinction of resistant psocids. For example, a dose of 0.17 mg/L over six days at 30°C completely controlled strongly resistant L. bostrychophila populations that can survive at 1 mg/L and 25°C over the same exposure period. Findings from our study will be used to formulate recommendations for registered dosage rates and fumigation periods for use in Australia.
|Item Type:||Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)|
|Business groups:||Agri-Science, Crop and Food Science|
|Additional Information:||Reproduced with permission of © CABI Publishing. Access to published version may be available via Publisher’s website.|
|Keywords:||Phosphine; fumigation; Liposcelis psocids; resistance.|
|Subjects:||Science > Zoology > Invertebrates > Insects|
Plant pests and diseases > Pest control and treatment of diseases. Plant protection > Pesticides
|Deposited On:||08 Jul 2004|
|Last Modified:||25 Oct 2011 23:01|
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