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Area-wide releases and evaluation of the parasitoid Eretmocerus hayati(Hymenoptera:Aphelinidae) for silverleaf whitefly control

Sivasubramaniam, V. and Subramaniam, S. (2015) Area-wide releases and evaluation of the parasitoid Eretmocerus hayati(Hymenoptera:Aphelinidae) for silverleaf whitefly control. Acta Horticulturae (1105). pp. 81-88. ISSN 0567-7572

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Article Link(s): http://dx.doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.2015.1105.12

Abstract

Silverleaf whitefly (SLW), Bemisia tabaci biotype B, is a major horticultural pest that costs Queensland vegetable growers millions of dollars in lost production and control measures each year. In the Bowen and Burdekin districts of North Queensland, the major cultivated SLW host crops are tomatoes, melons, green beans, pumpkins, eggplants, and cucumbers, which cover a total production area of approximately 6500 ha. Eretmocerus hayati, an effective SLW parasitoid, was imported into Australia by CSIRO in 2002 and released from quarantine in 2004. In 2006, DAFF established a mass-rearing unit for E. hayati at Bowen Research Station to provide E. hayati for release on vegetable farms within its SLW integrated pest management research program. A total of 1.3 million E. hayati were released over three seasons on 34 vegetable farms in the Bowen and Burdekin districts (October 2006 to December 2008). Post-release samplings were conducted across the release area over this time period with parasitism levels recorded in tomatoes, melons, beans, eggplants, pumpkins, and various SLW weed hosts. Sample data show that E. hayati established at most release sites as well as some non-release sites, indicating natural spread. Overall results from these three years of evaluation clearly demonstrated that E hayati releases played a significant role in SLW control. In most crops sampled, E hayati exerted between 30 and 80% parasitism. Even in regularly sprayed crops, such as tomato and eggplant, E. hayati was able to achieve an overall average parasitism of 45%.

Item Type:Article
Business groups:Horticulture and Forestry Science
Subjects:Science > Entomology
Science > Invasive Species > Plants > Eradication and containment
Plant pests and diseases
Deposited On:21 Apr 2016 02:39
Last Modified:21 Apr 2016 02:40

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