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Rumen microbial community composition varies with diet and host, but a core microbiome is found across a wide geographical range

Henderson, G. and Cox, F. and Ganesh, S. and Jonker, A. and Young, W. and Janssen, P.H. and Ouwerkerk, D. (2015) Rumen microbial community composition varies with diet and host, but a core microbiome is found across a wide geographical range. Scientific Reports, 5 . p. 14567.

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Article Link(s): http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/srep14567

Publisher URL: http://www.nature.com/articles/srep14567#supplementary-information

Abstract

Ruminant livestock are important sources of human food and global greenhouse gas emissions. Feed degradation and methane formation by ruminants rely on metabolic interactions between rumen microbes and affect ruminant productivity. Rumen and camelid foregut microbial community composition was determined in 742 samples from 32 animal species and 35 countries, to estimate if this was influenced by diet, host species, or geography. Similar bacteria and archaea dominated in nearly all samples, while protozoal communities were more variable. The dominant bacteria are poorly characterised, but the methanogenic archaea are better known and highly conserved across the world. This universality and limited diversity could make it possible to mitigate methane emissions by developing strategies that target the few dominant methanogens. Differences in microbial community compositions were predominantly attributable to diet, with the host being less influential. There were few strong co-occurrence patterns between microbes, suggesting that major metabolic interactions are non-selective rather than specific. © 2015 Macmillan Publishers Limited.

Item Type:Article
Business groups:Animal Science
Additional Information:Global Rumen Census Collaborators (Ouwerkerk, Diane)
Subjects:Veterinary medicine > Veterinary microbiology
Animal culture > Feeds and feeding. Animal nutrition
Deposited On:09 Feb 2016 02:14
Last Modified:14 Sep 2016 05:18

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