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Transfer of Dietary Plant Natural Flavor Compounds From Essential Oils to Maternal Fluids in Pigs

Palou, Rousset and Fuller, Steve and Smyth, Heather and Roura, Eugeni (2015) Transfer of Dietary Plant Natural Flavor Compounds From Essential Oils to Maternal Fluids in Pigs. In: Australasian Association for ChemoSensory Science (AACSS) Conference, 3-5 December 2014, Brisbane, Australia.

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Abstract

Fetal flavor conditioning during the perinatal stage could be essential at the time of the weaning to reduce the stress and improve the feed intake in pigs. The transfer of flavor compounds from maternal diet to amniotic fluid and milk has been shown in behavioral experiments, but not through analytical procedures such as gas chromatography–mass spectrometry (GC–MS). The aim of the experiment was to trace the principal essential oils compounds supplied in the diet in maternal fluids. Twenty Large White sows around their 104th gestational day were allocated to individual farrowing crates. Two groups of 10 sows were fed either a standard gestation diet or the same diet supplemented with a mix of 8 essential oils at a rate of 1kg/ton during the last 10 days of gestation. At approximately the 113th gestational day, animals were individually treated with 10mg of Lutalyse IM was to induce farrowing. Fresh amniotic fluid was collected during the farrowing in 100-mL glass bottles and immediately stored at −20 °C freezer. During the second lactation day, 10–20 IU of Oxytocin IM was administered to each sow to facilitate collection of milk samples in 20-mL glass bottles. The samples were stored at −20 °C until analyzed by GC–MS. The presence of significant amounts of principal components of all the essential oils except one were found in the milk and amniotic fluid samples of the treated sows relative to the control sows. Our data prove the transfer of selected dietary flavors to maternal fluids and sets the scenario for further trials to manipulate postweaning behavior in piglets.

Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Business groups:Crop and Food Science
Subjects:Animal culture > Swine
Animal culture > Feeds and feeding. Animal nutrition
Deposited On:22 Sep 2015 04:30
Last Modified:22 Sep 2015 04:30

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