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Prevalence and potential fitness cost of weak phosphine resistance in Tribolium castaneum (Herbst) in eastern Australia

Daglish, Gregory J. and Nayak, Manoj K. and Pavic, Hervoika and Smith, Lawrence W. (2015) Prevalence and potential fitness cost of weak phosphine resistance in Tribolium castaneum (Herbst) in eastern Australia. Journal of Stored Products Research, 61 . pp. 54-58.

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Article Link(s): http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jspr.2014.11.005

Publisher URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0022474X14001192

Abstract

The prevalence of resistance to phosphine in the rust-red flour beetle, Tribolium castaneum, from eastern Australia was investigated, as well as the potential fitness cost of this type of resistance. Discriminating dose tests on 115 population samples collected from farms from 2006 to 2010 showed that populations containing insects with the weakly resistant phenotype are common in eastern Australia (65.2 of samples), although the frequency of resistant phenotypes within samples was typically low (median of 2.3). The population cage approach was used to investigate the possibility that carrying the alleles for weak resistance incurs a fitness cost. Hybridized populations were initiated using a resistant strain and either of two different susceptible strains. There was no evidence of a fitness cost based on the frequency of susceptible phenotypes in hybridized populations that were reared for seven generations without exposure to phosphine. This suggests that resistant alleles will tend to persist in field populations that have undergone selection even if selection pressure is removed. The prevalence of resistance is a warning that this species has been subject to considerable selection pressure and that effective resistance management practices are needed to address this problem. The resistance prevalence data also provide a basis against which to measure management success.

Item Type:Article
Business groups:Crop and Food Science
Keywords:Fumigation Resistance Stored grain beetle
Subjects:Science > Entomology
Science > Invasive Species > Plants
Plant culture > Field crops > Grain. Cereals
Deposited On:13 Jul 2015 05:13
Last Modified:13 Jul 2015 05:13

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