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Mixture Effects of Benzene, Toluene, Ethylbenzene and Xylenes (BTEX) to Lung Carcinoma Cells via a Hanging Drop Air Exposure System

Liu, Faye Fang and Escher, Beate I. and Were, Stephen and Duffy, Lesley and Ng, Jack C. (2014) Mixture Effects of Benzene, Toluene, Ethylbenzene and Xylenes (BTEX) to Lung Carcinoma Cells via a Hanging Drop Air Exposure System. Chemical Research in Toxicology . ISSN 0893-228X

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Article Link(s): http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/tx5000552

Abstract

A recently developed hanging drop air exposure system for toxicity studies of volatile chemicals was applied to evaluate the cell viability of lung carcinoma A549 cells after 1 h and 24 h of exposure to benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene and xylenes (BTEX) as individual compounds and mixtures of 4 or 6 components. The cellular chemical concentrations causing 50% reduction of cell viability (EC50) were calculated use a mass balance model and came to 17, 12, 11, 9, 4 and 4 mmol/kg cell dry weight for benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, m-xylene, o-xylene and p-xylene respectively after 1 h of exposure. The EC50 decreased by a factor of four after 24 h of exposure. All mixture effects were best described by the mixture toxicity model of concentration addition, which is valid for chemicals with the same mode of action. Good agreement with the model predictions were found for benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene and m-xylene at four different representative fixed concentration ratios after 1 h of exposure but lower agreement to mixture prediction was obtained after 24 h of exposure. A recreated car exhaust mixture, which involved the contribution of the more toxic p-xylene and o-xylene, yielded an acceptable but lower quality prediction as well.

Item Type:Article
Business groups:Biosecurity Queensland
Subjects:Science > Science (General)
Deposited On:19 Aug 2014 05:55
Last Modified:19 Aug 2014 05:55

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