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Equine multinodular pulmonary fibrosis in three horses in Australia

Spelta, C. W. and Axon, J. E. and Begg, A. and Diallo, I. S. I. and Carrick, J. B. and Russell, C. M. and Collins, N. M. (2013) Equine multinodular pulmonary fibrosis in three horses in Australia. Australian Veterinary Journal, 91 (7). pp. 274-280. ISSN 0005-0423

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Article Link(s): http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/avj.12072

Abstract

Background Equine multinodular pulmonary fibrosis (EMPF) is a recently described form of interstitial pneumonia associated with the presence of equine herpesvirus type 5 (EHV-5). Since 2007, several case reports from America, Europe and the United Kingdom have further characterised the clinical presentation and laboratory findings of this disease. Case reports Three Thoroughbred broodmares were diagnosed with EMPF. Diagnosis was based on lung histopathology and positive identification of EHV-5 using PCR DNA amplification. There was multiple organ involvement in all three cases, including identification of EHV-5 in hepatic tissue in one case. Two of the three horses died. Treatment with acyclovir was unsuccessful in one horse and one horse survived without antiviral or corticosteroid treatment. Conclusion This case series is, to the authors' knowledge, the first report of EMPF in Australia and adds to the clinical description of the disease.

Item Type:Article
Business groups:Animal Science
Additional Information:Spelta, C. W. Axon, J. E. Begg, A. Diallo, I. S. I. Carrick, J. B. Russell, C. M. Collins, N. M.
Subjects:Veterinary medicine > Diseases of special classes of animals > Horses
Veterinary medicine > Veterinary pathology
Deposited On:17 Jul 2014 00:50
Last Modified:07 Jun 2015 15:09

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