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The diagnosis and management of a case of leishmaniosis in a dog imported to Australia

Best, M. P. and Ash, A. and Bergfeld, J. and Barrett, J. (2014) The diagnosis and management of a case of leishmaniosis in a dog imported to Australia. Veterinary Parasitology, 202 (3-4). pp. 292-295. ISSN 18732550

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Article Link(s): http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.vetpar.2014.03.032

Abstract

This case study discusses in detail for the first time the diagnosis and management of a case of leishmaniosis in a dog imported to Australia. The dog presented with epistaxis and a non-regenerative anaemia five years after being imported from Europe. Protozoa were identified within macrophages in bone marrow and splenic cytology. A Leishmania indirect fluorescent antibody test was performed and was positive while an Ehrlichia canis antibody test was negative. Polymerase chain reaction of the ITS-1 and ITS-2 regions of skin, lymph node, spleen and bone marrow were all positive for Leishmania infantum. The dog was treated with amphotericin B with a strong clinical response. The importance of thorough diagnostics in non-endemic areas, particularly Australia, is discussed. Treatment with amphotericin B is discussed. Vigilance, disease reporting and response frameworks are recommended for non-endemic areas. © 2014 Elsevier B.V.

Item Type:Article
Business groups:Animal Science
Keywords:Amphotericin B Australia Dog Leishmania infantum PCR
Subjects:Veterinary medicine > Communicable diseases of animals (General)
Veterinary medicine > Veterinary parasitology
Animal culture > Other domesticated and semi-domesticated animals
Deposited On:03 Jul 2014 04:53
Last Modified:03 Jul 2014 04:54

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