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Major Australian tropical fruits biodiversity: Bioactive compounds and their bioactivities

Pierson, J. T. and Dietzgen, R. G. and Shaw, P. N. and Roberts-Thomson, S. J. and Monteith, G. R. and Gidley, M. J. (2012) Major Australian tropical fruits biodiversity: Bioactive compounds and their bioactivities. Molecular Nutrition & Food Research, 56 (3). pp. 357-387. ISSN 1613-4125

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Article Link(s): http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/mnfr.201100441

Abstract

The plant kingdom harbours many diverse bioactive molecules of pharmacological relevance. Temperate fruits and vegetables have been highly studied in this regard, but there have been fewer studies of fruits and vegetables from the tropics. As global consumers demand and are prepared to pay for new appealing and exotic foods, tropical fruits are now being more intensively investigated. Polyphenols and major classes of compounds like flavonoids or carotenoids are ubiquitously present in these fruits, as they are in the temperate ones, but particular classes of compounds are unique to tropical fruits and other plant parts. Bioactivity studies of compounds specific to tropical fruit plants may lead to new drug discoveries, while the synergistic action of the wide range of diverse compounds contained in plant extracts underlies nutritional and health properties of tropical fruits and vegetables. The evidence for in vitro and animal bioactivities is a strong indicator of the pharmacological promise shown in tropical fruit plant biodiversity. In this review, we will discuss both the occurrence of potential bioactive compounds isolated and identified from a selection of tropical fruit plants of importance in Australia, as well as recent studies of bioactivity associated with such fruits and other fruit plant parts.

Item Type:Article
Business groups:Crop and Food Science
Additional Information: G. Shaw, Paul N. Roberts-Thomson, Sarah J. Monteith, Gregory R. Gidley, Michael J. Wiley-blackwell Hoboken
Keywords:Bioactivity Carotenoid Nutraceutical Polyphenol Tropical fruit mangifera-indica l. garcinia-mangostana mangosteen performance liquid-chromatography ionization mass-spectrometry herpes-simplex-virus monotetrahydrofuran annonaceous acetogenins induced oxidative damage aspirin-induced erosions rat-liver mitochondria in-vivo evaluation
Subjects:Science > Biology > Biochemistry
Plant culture > Fruit and fruit culture
Deposited On:25 Feb 2014 04:07
Last Modified:25 Feb 2014 04:07

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