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The rph1 Gene Is a Common Contributor to the Evolution of Phosphine Resistance in Independent Field Isolates of Rhyzopertha Dominica

Mau, Y. S. and Collins, P. J. and Daglish, G. J. and Nayak, M. K. and Pavic, H. and Ebert, P. R. (2012) The rph1 Gene Is a Common Contributor to the Evolution of Phosphine Resistance in Independent Field Isolates of Rhyzopertha Dominica. Plos One, 7 (2). ISSN 1932-6203

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Article Link(s): http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0031541

Abstract

Phosphine is the only economically viable fumigant for routine control of insect pests of stored food products, but its continued use is now threatened by the world-wide emergence of high-level resistance in key pest species. Phosphine has a unique mode of action relative to well-characterised contact pesticides. Similarly, the selective pressures that lead to resistance against field sprays differ dramatically from those encountered during fumigation. The consequences of these differences have not been investigated adequately. We determine the genetic basis of phosphine resistance in Rhyzopertha dominica strains collected from New South Wales and South Australia and compare this with resistance in a previously characterised strain from Queensland. The resistance levels range from 225 and 100 times the baseline response of a sensitive reference strain. Moreover, molecular and phenotypic data indicate that high-level resistance was derived independently in each of the three widely separated geographical regions. Despite the independent origins, resistance was due to two interacting genes in each instance. Furthermore, complementation analysis reveals that all three strains contain an incompletely recessive resistance allele of the autosomal rph1 resistance gene. This is particularly noteworthy as a resistance allele at rph1 was previously proposed to be a necessary first step in the evolution of high-level resistance. Despite the capacity of phosphine to disrupt a wide range of enzymes and biological processes, it is remarkable that the initial step in the selection of resistance is so similar in isolated outbreaks.

Item Type:Article
Business groups:Horticulture and Forestry Science
Additional Information:Mau, Yosep S. Collins, Patrick J. Daglish, Gregory J. Nayak, Manoj K. Pavic, Hervoika Ebert, Paul R.
Subjects:Plant pests and diseases > Pest control and treatment of diseases. Plant protection
Science > Invasive Species > Plants > Eradication and containment
Deposited On:25 Feb 2014 06:48
Last Modified:18 Mar 2014 05:06

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