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Patterns of seed bank and size asymmetry of plant growth across varying sites in the invasive Lantana camara L. (Verbenaceae)

Osunkoya, O. O. and Perrett, C. and Fernando, C. and Clark, C. (2013) Patterns of seed bank and size asymmetry of plant growth across varying sites in the invasive Lantana camara L. (Verbenaceae). Plant Ecology, 214 (5). pp. 725-736. ISSN 13850237 (ISSN)

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Article Link(s): http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11258-013-0202-1

Abstract

Lantana camara L. (Verbenaceae) is a weed of great significance in Australia and worldwide, but little is known about connections among components of its life history. We document over a 3-year period, the links between L. camara seed-bank dynamics and its above-ground growth, including size asymmetry in four land-use types (a farm, a hoop pine plantation and two open eucalypt forests) invaded by the weed near Brisbane, Queensland Australia. Seed-bank populations varied appreciably across sites and in response to rainfall and control measures, and they were higher (~1,000 seeds/m2) when annual rainfall was 15-30 % below the long-term yearly average. Fire reduced seed-bank populations but not the proportion germinating (6-8 %). Nearly a quarter of fresh seeds remain germinable after 3 years of soil burial. For small seedlings (<10 cm high), the expected trade-offs in two life-history traits-survival and growth-did not apply; rather the observed positive association between these two traits, coupled with a persistent seed-bank population could contribute to the invasiveness of the plant. Relationships between absolute growth rate and initial plant size (crown volume) were positively linear, suggesting that most populations are still at varying stages of the exponential phase of the sigmoid growth; this trend also suggests that at most sites and despite increasing stand density and limiting environmental resources of light and soil moisture, lantana growth is inversely size asymmetric. From the observed changes in measures of plant size inequality, asymmetric competition appeared limited in all the infestations surveyed. © 2013 Crown Copyright as represented by: Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry, Australia.

Item Type:Article
Business groups:Biosecurity Queensland
Keywords:Australia Biological-invasions Gini coefficient Growth rates Lantana camara Seed germination Seed-bank Size inequality Weeds germination growth rate invasive species invasiveness land use life history plant community population density rainfall seed bank survival weed Brisbane Queensland Lantana Verbenaceae
Subjects:Science > Invasive Species > Plants
Deposited On:28 Oct 2013 04:02
Last Modified:08 Jun 2015 16:01

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