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Liveweight gain and feed intake of weaned Bali cattle fed a range of diets in Central Sulawesi, Indonesia

Marsetyo, D. and Quigley, S. P. and McLennan, S. R. and Poppi, D. P. (2012) Liveweight gain and feed intake of weaned Bali cattle fed a range of diets in Central Sulawesi, Indonesia. Animal Production Science, 52 (6-7). pp. 630-635. ISSN 1836-0939

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Article Link(s): http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/an12253

Abstract

Three experiments were conducted to determine liveweight (W) gain and feed and water intake of weaned Bali cattle offered a range of feed types. In each experiment, 18 weaned entire male Bali cattle were allocated to three treatment groups in a completely randomised block design, with six replicates (animals) per treatment. The dietary treatments were: Experiment 1, native grass fed ad libitum, native grass supplemented with rice bran at 10 g dry matter (DM)/kg W.day and native grass supplemented with a mixture of rice bran and copra meal in equal proportions fed at 10 g DM/kg W.day; Experiment 2, elephant grass hay fed ad libitum, elephant grass supplemented with gliricidia at 10 g DM/kg W.day, and gliricidia fed ad libitum; and Experiment 3, corn stover fed ad libitum, corn stover supplemented with gliricidia at 10 g DM/kg W.day, and corn stover supplemented with rice bran/copra meal in equal amounts (w/w) at 10 g DM/kg W.day. Each experiment was 10 weeks in duration, consisting of a 2-week preliminary period for adaptation to diets and an 8-week experimental period for the measurement of W change, feed and water intake and digestibility of the diet. Growth rates of 6-12-month-old, entire male Bali cattle fed a range of local diets ranged from 0.10 and 0.40 kg/day. Lowest growth rates occurred when the cattle were given the basal diets of native grass (0.104 kg/day), elephant grass (0.174 kg/day) and corn stover (0.232 kg/day). With the addition of supplements such as rice bran, rice bran/copra meal or gliricidia to these basal diets liveweight gains increased to between 0.225 and 0.402 kg/day. Forage DM intake was reduced with these supplements by on average 22.6% while total DM intake was increased by an average of 10.5%. The growth rate on gliricidia alone was 0.269 kg/day and feed DM intake was 28.0 g/kg W.day. Water intake was not affected by supplement type or intake. In conclusion, inclusion of small quantities of locally available, high quality feed supplements provide small-holder farmers with the potential to increase growth rates of Bali calves from 0.1 to 0.2 kg/day, under prevailing feeding scenarios, to over 0.4 kg/day.

Item Type:Article
Business groups:Animal Science
Additional Information:Marsetyo Damry Quigley, S. P. McLennan, S. R. Poppi, D. P. Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research; Indonesian Directorate General of Higher Education The authors wish to thank the Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research for funding this study. We are also grateful to Dr Tony Swain who provided advice on the design of experiment and statistical analysis of the data and Mr Peter Isherwood and Ms Siti Marwiyah for skilled technical assistance. We also thank the undergraduate students within the Department of Animal Science, Tadulako University who assisted throughout these experiments. The support from the Indonesian Directorate General of Higher Education for Marsetyo is greatly appreciated. Csiro publishing Collingwood
Keywords:digestibility forage growth intake supplement quality steers
Subjects:Animal culture > Cattle
Deposited On:25 Nov 2013 03:09
Last Modified:25 Nov 2013 03:09

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