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Binding of polyphenols to plant cell wall analogues - Part 1: Anthocyanins

Padayachee, A. and Netzel, G. and Netzel, M. and Day, L. and Zabaras, D. and Mikkelsen, D. and Gidley, M. (2012) Binding of polyphenols to plant cell wall analogues - Part 1: Anthocyanins. Food Chemistry, 134 (1). pp. 155-161.

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Article Link(s): http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2012.02.082

Publisher URL: http://www.elsevier.com

Abstract

Anthocyanins are located within the vacuole of plant cells, and are released following cell rupture during eating or processing at which time they first come into contact with the plant cell wall. The extent of anthocyanin-cell wall interaction was investigated by monitoring the rate of anthocyanin depletion in the presence of pure cellulose or cellulose-pectin composites as cell wall models. It was found that anthocyanins interact with both cellulose and pectin over a two-stage process with initially (mins-hours) 13 similar to 18% of anthocyanins binding to cellulose or cellulose/pectincomposites. With prolonged exposure (days-weeks), a gradual increase in anthocyanin binding occurs, possibly due to anthocyanins stacking on top of a base layer. Binding of acylated and non-acylated anthocyanins followed a similar pattern with slightly more (5-10%) binding of the acylated forms. Composites with the highest pectin content had the greatest anthocyanin binding suggesting the existence of both ionic interactions (with pectin) and hydrophobic interactions (with cellulose) of anthocyanin with plant cell walls.

Item Type:Article
Business groups:Biosecurity Queensland
Additional Information:© 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Keywords:Plant cell wall; polyphenols; anthocyanins; purple carrot; cellulose; pectin; gluconoacetobacter xylinus; noncovalent interaction; quantification; procyanidins; composites; cancer; foods; raw; flavonoids.
Subjects:Science > Biology
Science > Botany > Plant physiology
Deposited On:24 Jul 2012 06:01
Last Modified:18 Sep 2013 03:34

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