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Comparative studies on the invasion of cattle ticks (Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus) and sheep blowflies (Lucilia cuprina) by Metarhizium anisopliae (Sorokin).

Leemon, D.M. and Jonsson, N.N. (2012) Comparative studies on the invasion of cattle ticks (Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus) and sheep blowflies (Lucilia cuprina) by Metarhizium anisopliae (Sorokin). Journal of Invertebrate Pathology, 109 (2). pp. 248-259.

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Article Link(s): http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jip.2011.12.001

Publisher URL: http://www.apnet.com

Abstract

Microscopic investigations over time were carried out to study and compare the pathogenesis of invasion of ticks and blowflies by Metarhizium anisopliae. The scanning electron microscope and stereo light microscope were used to observe and record processes on the arthropods' surfaces and the compound light microscope was used to observe and record processes within the body cavities. Two distinctly different patterns of invasion were found in ticks and blowflies. Fungal conidia germinated on the surface of ticks then hyphae simultaneously penetrated into the tick body and grew across the tick surface. There was extensive fungal degradation of the tick cuticle, particularly the outer endocuticle. Although large numbers of conidia adhered to the surface of blowflies, no conidia were seen to germinate on external surfaces. A single germinating conidium was seen in the entrance to the buccal cavity. Investigations of the fly interior revealed a higher density of hyphal bodies in the haemolymph surrounding the buccal cavity than in haemolymph from regions of the upper thorax. This pattern suggests that fungal invasion of the blowfly is primarily through the buccal cavity. Plentiful extracellular mucilage was seen around the hyphae on tick cuticles, and crystals of calcium oxalate were seen amongst the hyphae on the surface of ticks and in the haemolymph of blowflies killed by M. anisopliae isolate ARIM16.

Item Type:Article
Business groups:Biosecurity Queensland
Additional Information:Crown Copyright (C) 2011
Keywords:Lucilia cuprina; Rhipicephalus microplus; Metarhizium anisopliae; pathogenesis; SEM; microscopy; larval elateridae coleoptera; fungi beauveria-bassiana; oxalic-acid; metarrhizium-anisopliae; entomopathogenic fungi; ultrastructural-localization; electron-microscopy; oral infection cattle; sheep.
Subjects:Animal culture > Cattle
Veterinary medicine > Veterinary microbiology
Animal culture > Sheep
Deposited On:12 Apr 2012 04:38
Last Modified:12 Apr 2012 04:38

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