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Hybridisation of Australian chickpea cultivars with wild Cicer spp. increases resistance to root-lesion nematodes (Pratylenchus thornei and P. neglectus).

Thompson, J.P. and Reen, T.G. and Clewett, T.G. and Sheedy, J.G. and Kelly, A.M. and Gogel, B.J. and Knights, E.J. (2012) Hybridisation of Australian chickpea cultivars with wild Cicer spp. increases resistance to root-lesion nematodes (Pratylenchus thornei and P. neglectus). Australasian Plant Pathology, 40 (6). pp. 601-611.

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Article Link(s): http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13313-011-0089-z

Publisher URL: http://www.springeronline.com

Abstract

Australian and international chickpea (Cicer arietinum) cultivars and germplasm accessions, and wild annual Cicer spp. in the primary and secondary gene pools, were assessed in glasshouse experiments for levels of resistance to the root-lesion nematodes Pratylenchus thornei and P. neglectus. Lines were grown in replicated experiments in pasteurised soil inoculated with a pure culture of either P. thornei or P. neglectus and the population density of the nematodes in the soil plus roots after 16 weeks growth was used as a measure of resistance. Combined statistical analyses of experiments (nine for P. thornei and four for P. neglectus) were conducted and genotypes were assessed using best linear unbiased predictions. Australian and international chickpea cultivars possessed a similar range of susceptibilities through to partial resistance. Wild relatives from both the primary (C. reticulatum and C. echinospermum) and secondary (C. bijugum) gene pools of chickpea were generally more resistant than commercial chickpea cultivars to either P. thornei or P. neglectus or both. Wild relatives of chickpea have probably evolved to have resistance to endemic root-lesion nematodes whereas modern chickpea cultivars constitute a narrower gene pool with respect to nematode resistance. Resistant accessions of C. reticulatum and C. echinospermum were crossed and topcrossed with desi chickpea cultivars and resistant F(4) lines were obtained. Development of commercial cultivars with the high levels of resistance to P. thornei and P. neglectus in these hybrids will be most valuable for areas of the Australian grain region and other parts of the world where alternating chickpea and wheat crops are the preferred rotation.

Item Type:Article
Additional Information:© Australasian Plant Pathology Society Inc. 2011
Keywords:Cicer reticulatum; Cicer echninospermum; Cicer bijugum; desi; kabuli; chick pea; plant-parasitic nematodes; ascochyta blight; arietinum l.; wheat; soil; progress; crops; environment; improvement; evolution.
Subjects:Science > Botany > Genetics
Plant culture > Field crops
Deposited On:27 Feb 2012 02:45
Last Modified:27 Feb 2012 02:45

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