Tho, R. and Hanan, J. and Dhileepan, K. and Shivas, R.G. and Adkins, S.W. (2011) Simulation of parthenium weed canopy under changing climate using L-systems. In: MODSIM2011: 19th International Congress on Modelling and Simulation. Modelling and Simulation Society of Australia and New Zealand, Perth, pp. 1009-1015.
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Parthenium weed (Parthenium hysterophorus L.) is an erect, branched, annual plant of the family Asteraceae. It is native to the tropical Americas, while now widely distributed throughout Africa, Asia, Oceania, and Australasia. Due to its allelopathic and toxic characteristics, parthenium weed has been considered to be a weed of global significance. These effects occur across agriculture (crops and pastures), within natural ecosystems, and has impacts upon health (human and animals). Although integrated weed management (IWM) for parthenium weed has had some success, due to its tolerance and good adaptability to temperature, precipitation, and CO2, this weed has been predicted to become more vigorous under a changing climate resulting in an altered canopy architecture. From the viewpoint of IWM, the altered canopy architecture may be associated with not only improved competitive ability and replacement but also may alter the effectiveness of biocontrol agents and other management strategies.
This paper reports on a preliminary study on parthenium weed canopy architecture at three temperature regimes (day/night 22/15 °C, 27/20 °C, and 32/25 °C in thermal time 12/12 hours) and establishes a threedimensional (3D) canopy model using Lindenmayer-systems (L-systems). This experiment was conducted in a series of controlled environment rooms with parthenium weed plants being grown in a heavy clay soil. A sonic digitizer system was used to record the morphology, topology, and geometry of the plants for model construction.
The main findings include the determination of the phyllochron which enables the prediction of parthenium weed growth under different temperature regimes and that increased temperature enhances growth and enlarges the plants canopy size and structure. The developed 3D canopy model provides a tool to simulate and predict the weed growth in response to temperature, and can be adjusted for studies of other climatic variables such as precipitation and CO2. Further studies are planned to investigate the effects of other climatic variables, and the predicted changes in the pathogenic biocontrol agent effectiveness.
|Item Type:||Book Section|
|Business groups:||Biosecurity Queensland|
|Additional Information:||© The Modelling and Simulation Society of Australia and New Zealand.|
|Keywords:||Parthenium weed; changing climate; canopy architecture; 3D canopy model; L-systems.|
|Subjects:||Science > Invasive Species > Plants > Weed ecology|
Science > Statistics > Simulation modelling
Science > Invasive Species > Modelling > Plant
|Deposited On:||07 Feb 2012 07:12|
|Last Modified:||07 Feb 2012 07:12|
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