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Tobacco Streak Virus in cotton-scoping study

Sharman, Murray (2011) Tobacco Streak Virus in cotton-scoping study. Project Report. Cotton RDC.

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Article Link(s): http://hdl.handle.net/1/4101

Publisher URL: http://www.insidecotton.com/jspui/bitstream/1/4101/1/DAQ0002%20Final%20Report.pdf

Abstract

In 2006, Tobacco streak virus (TSV) was identified as the causal agent of the devastating sunflower necrosis disease in central Queensland (CQ), and subsequently in 2007 as the cause of major losses in mungbeans in the same area. It has been a major factor in the recent downturn in the sunflower industry in CQ. Surveys in 2007/2008 as part of a one year scoping study (project 03DAQ005) found TSV in cotton in CQ. The symptoms were mostly confined to the feeding sites of the thrips and appeared as reddish spots and rings, but only occasionally the plants were systemically infected and showed a chlorotic mosaic and leaf deformation. The major objectives of this project (DAQ0002) were to determine: the incidence and distribution of TSV in cotton and its likely effect on yield; the thrips vector species associated with TSV infections in cotton; and the factors that may lead to systemic infections. In contrast to the extensive damage observed in sunflower and mungbean crops from the same region, TSV has caused no measurable damage in commercial cotton crops surveyed in CQ over the seasons 2008/9 to 2010/11. No TSV infected cotton was found in regions outside of CQ and the geographical distribution of TSV disease in cotton (and other susceptible hosts) appears to be closely related to the distribution of the major alternative host, parthenium weed. The most likely thrips species responsible for transmission of TSV into cotton is the tomato thrips (Frankliniella schultzei) and onion thrips (Thrips tabaci). Systemically infected plants are rarely seen in commercial crops and have also been rarely produced in controlled tests. It appears that systemic infection may be transient with only mild symptoms being produced intermittently. With current cultivars and conditions, it appears likely that TSV will continue to cause only minor levels of mild local lesions with no impact on yield in cotton crops. It appears that no specific control strategies are required to limit the impact of TSV in cotton. However, general farm hygiene to minimise the presence of the major alternative host of TSV, parthenium weed, is advised and may be of vital importance if TSV susceptible rotational crops such as mung beans are grown.

Item Type:Monograph (Project Report)
Business groups:Crop and Food Science
Keywords:Final report Tobacco streak virus (TSV) sunflower Queensland (CQ) onion thrips (Thrips tabaci) susceptible hosts rotational crops mungbeans economic sustainability tomato thrips (Frankliniella schultzei) rotational crops damage control soil health plant health extension and adoption Australian irrigation systems
Subjects:Plant culture > Field crops
Plant culture > Field crops > Textile and fibre plants
Plant pests and diseases
Plant pests and diseases > Individual or types of plants or trees > Cotton
Plant pests and diseases > Plant pathology
Plant pests and diseases > Pest control and treatment of diseases. Plant protection
Deposited On:08 Nov 2011 05:20
Last Modified:24 May 2016 06:30

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