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Phenotypic characterisation of Australian sheep and cattle isolates of Mannheimia haemolytica, Mannheimia granulomatis and Mannheimia varigena

Blackall, P.J. and Bisgaard, M. and Stephens, C. (2002) Phenotypic characterisation of Australian sheep and cattle isolates of Mannheimia haemolytica, Mannheimia granulomatis and Mannheimia varigena. Australian Veterinary Journal, 80 (1/2). pp. 87-91.

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Article Link(s): http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1751-0813.2002.tb12058...

Publisher URL: http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/cgi-bin/home

Abstract

Objective: To perform a comprehensive phenotypic characterisation of 35 isolates of bacteria previously identified as haemolytic Pasteurella-Actinobacillus and obtained from cattle and sheep.

Design: The 35 isolates that had been obtained from Australian animals, 30 from cattle and five from sheep, were compared with reference strains of the five recognised species of the genus Mannheimia – M haemolytica, M glucosida, M granulomatis, M ruminalisand M varigena.

Results: Thirty-four of the isolates could be confidently assigned to three species of the genus Mannheimia. Twenty-nine were M haemolytica, with 25 being isolated from cattle and four from sheep. All but three of the bovine M haemolytica were isolated from pneumonic lungs. Of the three remaining bovine M haemolytica isolates, one was obtained in pure culture from a bovine milk sample and the other two as part of a mixed flora associated with a middle ear infection of a calf suffering mucosal disease. Of the four ovine M haemolytica isolates, two were isolated in pure culture from milk and two, also in pure culture, from pneumonic lungs. Three bovine isolates were identified as M granulomatis – one from a tongue abscess, one from a jaw abscess and one from a lung showing suppurative bronchopneumonia. Two bovine isolates were identified as M varigena – one coming from an udder and the other from a spleen. The available diagnostic records provided no information on whether these isolates were associated with a disease process. The remaining isolate was obtained from an ovine tongue abscess and could not be assigned to a recognised species within the genus Mannheimia.

Conclusion: The study represents the first time that M haemolytica, M granulomatis and M varigena have been recognised as being present in cattle and sheep in Australia. Veterinary laboratories that encounter Pasteurella-Actinobacillus-like organisms from cattle and sheep should attempt as complete a characterisation as possible to help improve our knowledge of the disease potential of these organsims.

Item Type:Article
Additional Information:Reproduced with permission from the © Australian Veterinary Journal. Access to published version may be available via Publisher’s website.
Keywords:Mannheimia haemolytica; Mannheimia granulomatis; Mannheimia varigenal; sheep; cattle.
Subjects:Veterinary medicine > Diseases of special classes of animals > Sheep and goats
Veterinary medicine > Diseases of special classes of animals > Cattle
Veterinary medicine > Veterinary bacteriology
Deposited On:24 Aug 2004
Last Modified:18 Apr 2011 00:24

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