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Effect of salivary gland extracts from the tick, Boophilus microplus, on leucocytes from Brahman and Hereford cattle

Turni, C. and Lee, R.P. and Jackson, L.A. (2002) Effect of salivary gland extracts from the tick, Boophilus microplus, on leucocytes from Brahman and Hereford cattle. Parasite Immunology, 24 (7). pp. 355-362.

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Article Link(s): http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-3024.2002.00471.x

Publisher URL: http://www.blackwell-synergy.com

Abstract

The effect of salivary gland extract (SGE) from Boophilus microplus on peripheral blood lymphocytes, neutrophils and monocytes from Brahman (Bos indicus) and Hereford (Bos taurus) cattle was investigated. SGE (8 micro g) significantly inhibited the proliferation response of lymphocytes to concanavalin A from both Brahman and Hereford cattle by 89% and 41%, respectively. The difference in inhibition between the two breeds was highly significant (P < 0.01), whilst at 1 micro g of SGE, significant inhibition of lymphocytes occurred only in Hereford cattle (34%). Flow cytometric analysis of monocytes and neutrophils showed that SGE (40 micro g) significantly reduced both the proportion of cells actively phagocytosing Escherichia coli labelled with fluorescein isothiocyanate (E. coli-FITC) and the uptake of E. coli-FITC in Brahman cattle. However, in Hereford cattle, a significant depression in uptake was only observed in neutrophils. The proportion of monocytes and neutrophils with oxidative activity was significantly suppressed in the presence of SGE in both breeds of cattle. These results indicate that peripheral blood leucocytes from different breeds of cattle respond differently to SGE.

Item Type:Article
Corporate Creators:Animal Science
Additional Information:© Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
Keywords:Boophilus microplus; Ticks; Immunosuppression; Cattle.
Subjects:Veterinary medicine > Veterinary parasitology
Deposited On:26 Mar 2004
Last Modified:23 Mar 2009 03:56

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