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Wood properties and knot occlusion of plantation grown Eucalyptus dunnii and Corymbia citriodora subsp. variegata in a pruning and thinning experiment.

Smith, R.G.B. and Harding, K. and Zbonak, A. and Thomas, D.S. (2010) Wood properties and knot occlusion of plantation grown Eucalyptus dunnii and Corymbia citriodora subsp. variegata in a pruning and thinning experiment. In: The 6th International Symposium Wood Structure and Properties´10, September 6-9, 2010, Podbanske, High Tatras, Slovakia.

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Abstract

A 2 × 2 factorial combination of thinned or unthinned, and pruned or unpruned 11-year-old Eucalyptus dunnii (DWG) and 12-year-old Corymbia citriodora subsp. variegata (CCV) was destructively sampled to provide 60 trees in total per species. Two 1.4 m long billets were cut from each tree and were rotary veneered in a spindleless lathe down to a 45 mm diameter core to expose knots which were classified as either alive, partially occluded or fully occluded. Non-destructive evaluation of a wider range of thinning treatments available in these trials was undertaken with Pilodyn and Fakopp tools. Disc samples were also taken for basic density and modulus of elasticity. Differences between treatments for all wood property assessments were generally small and not significantly different.Thinning and pruning had little effect on the stem diameter growth required to achieve occlusion, therefore occlusion would be more rapid after thinning due to more rapid stem diameter growth. The difference between the treatments of greatest management interest, thinned and pruned (T&P) and unthinned and unpruned (UT&UP) were small. The production of higher value clear wood produced after all knots had occluded, measured as the average stem diameter growth over occlusion of the three outermost knots, was approximately 2 centimetres diameter. Two of the treatments can be ruled out as viable management alternatives: (i) the effect of thinning without pruning (T&UP) is clear, leading to a large inner core of stem wood containing knots (large knotty core diameter) and (ii) pruning without thinning (UT&P) results in a small knotty core diameter, however the tree and therefore log diameters are also small.

Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Additional Information:© Faculty of Wood Sciences and Technology of the Technical University in Zvolen. © IUFRO.
Keywords:Pruning; thinning; E. dunnii; C. citriodora; knot occlusion; non-destructive tree assessment; wood density.
Subjects:Forestry > Research. Experimentation
Forestry > Exploitation and utilization
Deposited On:05 Apr 2011 07:45
Last Modified:05 Apr 2011 07:45

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